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労働経済

NEW

1

Trousson, Raymond / Vercruysse, Jeroom (dir.), Dictionnaire general de Voltaire. (Champion classiques, references et dictionnaires 18) 1272 p. 2020:10 (Champion, FR) <670-9>
ISBN 978-2-38096-016-7 paper ¥7,064.- (税込) EUR 38.00

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NEW

1

中国の労働市場 1950~2050年
Du, Jane, China's Labour Market, 1950-2050: The Role of Family Planning in Demographic and Income Transitions. (Palgrave Studies in Economic History) 163 pp. 2024:2 (Palgrave Macmillan, UK) <722-202>
ISBN 978-3-031-53137-8 hard ¥9,368.- (税込) EUR 39.99

This book presents an in-depth examination of China's population control policies from their establishment to the present and explores the developing implications of these policies on the Chinese labour market. The book connects original research on contemporary Chinese demographics with a historical analysis of China's labour market structure. Using data from the most recent population census, chapters explore the economic impact of the demographic transition that has taken place over recent decades, from the strict implementation of family planning policies to the current easing of these policies. The book examines income growth and economic development in China after the Second World War with comparative perspectives from other Asian countries including Japan and South Korea. It also devotes a chapter to regional variations in the effectiveness of population control policies, exploring differences in rural and urban areas, and surveys the future challenges for the Chinese government in addressing population and growth-related concerns. This book will be of interest to students and researchers in economic history, labour economics, and demography, as well as those interested in Chinese economic and societal development.

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NEW

2

de Beer, Paul, The Labour Market Myth: How the Market Metaphor Hinders our Understanding of Work. (The Future of Work and Employment) 160 pp. 2024:8 (E. Elgar, UK) <722-246>
ISBN 978-1-03-533444-5 hard ¥22,264.- (税込) GB£ 80.00

In this incisive book, Paul de Beer interrogates the concept of the labour market and its theoretical shortcomings in treating labour as a commodity. He argues that to offer people a real chance of a satisfactory work life, the idea of the labour market must be replaced with a focus on long-term employment relationships.The Labour Market Myth thoroughly critiques the standard economic approach to employment markets, highlighting how it fails to explain the most pressing problems regarding work and income. Presenting empirical data on diverse aspects of work across a range of affluent countries, De Beer explores issues such as wage differences, long-term unemployment, discrimination against particular groups and a misplaced emphasis on short-term flexibility and mobility. Ultimately, De Beer advocates for an understanding of employment built upon concepts of intrinsic motivation, cooperation, stability and long-term relationships, rather than financial incentives and competition.Combining insights from across the social sciences, The Labour Market Myth is a fascinating read for postgraduate students and scholars of labour economics and policy, as well as the sociology of work. It also offers fresh perspectives for those involved in labour relations, such as policy advisors, civil servants, and trade union officials.

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3

Ennis, Crystal A., Millennial Dreams in Oil Economies: Job Seeking and the Global Political Economy of Labour in Oman. (The Global Middle East) 331 pp. 2024:8 (Cambridge U. Pr., UK) <720-165>
ISBN 978-1-00-949947-7 hard ¥27,830.- (税込) GB£ 100.00

This book shifts the analysis of economic development in Oman from the traditional focus on oil to the perspective of labour. Focusing on the experiences of workers, jobseekers, and the governance of labour markets, Crystal A. Ennis offers a fresh perspective on regional development and rentier neoliberalism in the Gulf. Highlighting Oman's position within global capitalism, Ennis makes a compelling case for de-exceptionalising the Gulf, arguing that the region's labour markets are global and subject to similar pressures as other global economies. Moving beyond oil also allows Ennis to focus on the social conditions of Oman, where over sixty four percent of the population are under the age of thirty. Ennis offers a rich analysis of historical lineages of labour governance, class formation; and, following protests after 2011 as youth unemployment soared in the region, how authoritarian states react to public pressure and social unrest around perceived economic decline.

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4

Ilczuk, Dorota / Karpinska, Anna / Cholewicka, Emilia, Artists Labour Market, Cultural Policy and Creative Economy: A Triangular Model in Poland. (Routledge Focus on Economics and Finance) 168 pp. 2024:3 (Routledge, UK) <719-222>
ISBN 978-1-03-251083-5 hard ¥13,633.- (税込) GB£ 48.99

Focusing on artists and creators, this shortform book analyses the labour market in the creative economy in the context of cultural policies.Based on a series of studies spanning 10 years into the Polish artists, the book identifies all of the key factors to understand contemporary labour markets in the creative and cultural sector also referring to the international context. The authors integrate artists perspectives to present a truly rounded evidence, shedding light on the applicational perspective of the research findings.Illuminating the socioeconomic status of artists in Poland, this book is essential reading for researchers interested in cultural policy, creative economy as well as work and labour studies more broadly, and the practitioners from CCS, too.

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5

R.マンク著 社会変容とグローバル経済-労働、ラテンアメリカ、左派
Munck, Ronaldo, Social Transformation and the Global Economy: Labour, Latin America and the Lefts. (Routledge Studies in Labour Economics) 264 pp. 2024:6 (Routledge, UK) <719-240>
ISBN 978-1-03-267862-7 hard ¥36,179.- (税込) GB£ 130.00

The overall context of this book is set by the decline of the globalization paradigm's ability to grasp the complexity and uncertainty of the current era. It takes a new approach based on the frame of 'transformation' viewed as a catalyst to understand the complex interconnected nature of the world around us from a concrete, grounded perspective. Labour or work is still what makes the world go round and Latin America offers a unique laboratory of social transformation, since the 'pink tide' of the 2000s. The left it refers to, is a new non-dogmatic version that does not just recycle old debates but, rather, opens up new perspectives. The book is at once global in its ambition while grounded in labour and Latin American realities. Theoretically based and empirically robust, it will enthuse the reader to pursue their own research on matters covered here.Part I deals with several key debates around labour including the emergence of a precariat, from a standpoint that foregrounds labour agency but also the view from the South, that is the majority world. Part II takes up various debates around contemporary Latin America from a cultural political economy perspective with an emphasis on the dynamics of social transformation. Part III explores the contributions from the broadly defined left towards an understanding of the current challenges faced by those seeking an alternative to the status quo in Latin America and beyond.Providing a theoretically sophisticated yet readable text on key contemporary issues, this fully interdisciplinary book will find a broad audience among researchers, scholars and advanced students of labour, Latin American and development studies, economics, sociology and politics.

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6

Tuente, Markus, Hybride Arbeitsmaerkte: Die Entgrenzung von Arbeit und die Strukturierung interner und externer Arbeitsmaerkte. (Arbeit, Digitalisierung und Organisation 1) 450 S. 2023:9 (Ed. Rainer Hampp, GW) <719-266>
ISBN 978-3-9854205-4-4 paper ¥23,195.- (税込) EUR 99.00

Mit Bezug auf den digitalen Wandel in der Verlagsindustrie werden in der Studie die Veraenderungen der betrieblichen Arbeitsorganisation und das Spannungsfeld von internen und externen Arbeitsmaerkten analysiert. Es zeigt sich, dass die Grenzen von internen und externen Arbeitsmaerkten stark verschwimmen, so dass sich hybride Teilarbeitsmaerkte etablieren. Jenseits der Verlagsindustrie wird die Etablierung dieser Teilarbeitsmaerkte fuer weitere Branchen und Sektoren diskutiert. Die Grundannahmen klassischer und aktueller Segmentationstheorien werden damit in Frage gestellt.

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7

Mezzadra, Sandro / Cuppini, Niccolo et al. (eds.), Capitalism in the Platform Age: Emerging Assemblages of Labour and Welfare in Urban Spaces. (Springer Studies in Alternative Economics) 371 pp. 2024:3 (Springer, GW) <718-181>
ISBN 978-3-031-49146-7 hard ¥11,711.- (税込) EUR 49.99
ISBN 978-3-031-49149-8 paper ¥9,368.- (税込) EUR 39.99

This open access book provides an overview of urban digital platforms such as Airbnb and Deliveroo, which, along with Amazon, Google, Facebook, and other IT companies, constitute by now the infrastructures for other businesses to operate on and for our social life to go on. These platforms serve as standards-based techno-economic systems that simultaneously capture cooperation through remote coordination and organize labor via algorithm management.Based on a three-years research project, this contributed book outlines a general theory of platform capitalism that conceives these platforms not only as technical devices, but as generative engines that operate at the interface of several aspects, such as digitalization of forms of social cooperation; algorithm-based management of labor and participation; and private and vertical appropriation of profits. These elements are somehow iconic of the capitalist evolution of the last decades, and they open up a reflection on new forms of "primitive accumulation" (in particular regarding data), on the mechanisms used to capture and extract social surplus value, and on the logistic-financial dimensions of capital. Finally, in light of the transformations associated with the COVID-19 pandemic, the authors examine how platforms can evolve into hegemonic organizational structures.Assuming we are all already living in the age of the platform, this book takes a multifaceted approach-combining sociology with urban studies, and political sciences with economics-to grasp the challenges our societies face in terms of ensuring fair economic growth, adequate social protections, and labor rights. It will appeal to anyone interested in digital platforms and how they are changing the organization of labor, urban spaces, and forms of governance.

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8

男女間の賃金の不平等と英国金融部門
Verdin, Rachel, Architectures of Inequality: Gender Pay Inequity and Britain's Finance Sector. (Feminist Perspectives on Work and Organization) 224 pp. 2024:6 (Bristol U. Pr., UK) <717-231>
ISBN 978-1-5292-4110-5 hard ¥22,264.- (税込) GB£ 80.00

The gender pay gap is economically irrational and yet stubbornly persistent. In 2022, it stands at 14.9% in the UK. While it is shrinking, the rate of closure is slow, varied and by no means consistent. Focusing on the finance industry known for its gender pay disparity, Architectures of Inequality explores the efforts being made to fix the inequity and the factors halting progress for the future. Rachel Verdin provides an original conceptual framework drawing on company data, organizational policy and the experiences of working women to illustrate how entrenched pay inequity remains. Chapters provide a comprehensive assessment of both legal and organizational interventions alongside the experiences of women working in a range of finance firms. Interviewees reveal their practical experiences of the pay, bonus culture and workplace initiatives that are designed to offset these gaps. Their insight demonstrates the organizational blind spots regarding transparency around pay and the factors that impede the utility of workplace policies. Architectures of Inequality will be of interest to researchers from business, law, sociology and economics. More broadly this book may also appeal to those interested in equality, diversity and inclusion, including those seeking to understand how regulatory and firm-based initiatives have affected gender equality measures.

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9

不平等、若者、労働市場-南欧におけるニート
Iosifides, Theodoros / Gialis, Stelios / Kizos, Thanasis, Inequalities, Youth and the Labour Market: NEETS in Southern Europe. (The Dynamics of Economic Space) 144 pp. 2024:5 (Routledge, UK) <717-264>
ISBN 978-1-03-211333-3 hard ¥36,179.- (税込) GB£ 130.00

This book thoroughly examines the socio-economic and labor market paths of young NEETs, particularly migrants and women, in the disadvantaged regions of Mediterranean Southern Europe-specifically, the island, coastal, and peripheral areas of Greece, Cyprus, Italy, and Spain.It embraces a holistic approach, delving into multiple dimensions of the phenomenon. Rooted in multi-methodological research, it seamlessly integrates quantitative and qualitative methods to provide a comprehensive understanding. Geographically, it spans four Southern European countries, meticulously exploring vulnerable social groups like migrant and women NEETs, which have been understudied. Furthermore, the book illuminates the influence of space and spatial patterns on the NEET phenomenon, effectively connecting precariousness and social exclusion with geography and spatial inequalities across different scales.The book appeals to a diverse audience, spanning human geography, sociology, and migration studies. It extends its relevance to social scientists exploring poverty, social exclusion, precariousness, and socio-spatial injustices. Additionally, it offers valuable insights for postgraduate students in these fields and serves as a complementary resource in social science methodology and theory courses at both graduate and postgraduate levels.

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10

Goltz, Jan von der / Schuettler, K. / Bousquet, J. et al., The Labor Market Impact of Forced Displacement: Jobs in Host Communities in Colombia, Ethiopia, Jordan, and Uganda. 300 pp. 2024:3 (World Bank, US) <717-191>
ISBN 978-1-4648-2041-0 paper ¥11,000.- (税込) US$ 54.95

When refugees arrive, host communities often worry what will happen to their jobs. While some may face losses, others find that new opportunities open up in host communities. This study looks at four developing countries to show who wins and who loses, how refugees and hosts interact, and what policies can support better jobs for both.

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11

最低賃金の監視と施行
Bosch, Gerhard / Huettenhoff, Frederic / Weinkopf, Claudia, The Monitoring and Enforcement of Minimum Wages. 319 pp. 2023:4 (Springer VS, GW) <716-389>
ISBN 978-3-658-39897-2 hard ¥16,397.- (税込) EUR 69.99

The book presents the results of the first comprehensive empirical study on the control of minimum wages in Germany. It offers an overview of the challenges and problems of enforcement and compliance with minimum wages, taking three sectors as examples (construction, meat industry, hospitality). On the basis of numerous interviews with experts from the field (e.g. trade unions, employers' associations, customs) and a comprehensive evaluation of the broad international research literature, it identifies starting points and strategies for sustainably improving compliance with and enforcement of minimum wages.

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12

Armstrong, Mary A. / Averett, Susan L., Disparate Measures: The Intersectional Economics of Women in STEM Work. 376 pp. 2024:3 (MIT Pr., US) <716-277>
ISBN 978-0-262-04886-6 hard ¥12,936.- (税込) US$ 60.00

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13

Assmann, Marie-Luise, Personalized Support in Youth Labor Market Policy: The Role of Youth Career Agencies. 231 pp. 2023:10 (Springer VS, GW) <714-188>
ISBN 978-3-658-42908-9 paper ¥21,083.- (税込) EUR 89.99

In the face of increasing youth unemployment across Europe, innovative approaches to youth labor market policy are crucial. One such approach is the introduction of 'one-stop shops' for young people. Here, employment offices and other actors, such as youth social services, cooperate to offer young people coordinated advice from a single source. The impact of their introduction upon the young people that use them is, thus far, under-researched. This study begins to fill this gap by outlining the support approach of the German 'youth career agencies' that centers on gaining a more complete picture of the young person's life situation in order to offer them a range of possible support programs. The study interrogates whether the youth career agencies do offer more personalized advice for young people during their transition to employment than classical job center teams. It argues that, if the cooperative relationships between the actors involved in the youth career agencies are of good quality, more personalized support is likely to be offered there. However, personalized support in youth career agencies is still limited by the diverse specifications and target figures demanded of job centers by the Federal Employment Agency and also influenced by the professional background of the individual caseworkers.

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14

Thake, Anne Marie / Sood, Kiran / Oezen, E. et al. (eds.), Contemporary Challenges in Social Science Management: Skills Gaps and Shortages in the Labour Market. (Contemporary Studies in Economic and Financial Analysis 112B) 264 pp. 2024:4 (Emerald, UK) <714-190>
ISBN 978-1-83753-171-4 hard ¥28,459.- (税込) US$ 132.00

The digital revolution and automation are accelerating changes in the labour market and in workplace skills. Affected by changes in international economics and opportunities for employment, in the workplace individuals seek to acquire relevant skills and retain transferable skills to be employable and to remain in employment. Contemporary Challenges in Social Science and Management Part A and B explore in detail the theoretical competency framework to address these gaps and shortages in different disciplines and sectors. The global drivers of change are analysed and the opportunities and challenges for skills development are investigated, include the transition from education to employment in knowledge-based sectors in different countries. Enriched and strengthened with European case studies of real-life situations providing a practical and industry insights, the volumes collate experts in Economics, Finance, Public Policy, Human Resources, and Risk management, contributing on employability, labour markets, sustainability, and skills of the future from across the globe. Contemporary Studies in Economic and Financial Analysis publishes a series of current and relevant themed volumes within the fields of economics and finance. Both disciplinary and interdisciplinary studies are welcome.

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15

英国のヘルスケアとソーシャル・ケアの労働市場の経済学
Elliott, Robert, The Economics of the UK Health and Social Care Labour Market. 288 pp. 2024:4 (Oxford U. Pr., UK) <714-143>
ISBN 978-0-19-888314-2 hard ¥11,132.- (税込) GB£ 40.00

Three million workers delivered health and social care in the UK in 2019, accounting for a tenth of the workforce. These frontline workers were the nurses, doctors, adult care workers, and Allied Health Professions that worked in our hospitals, GP practices, and care homes. Spending on this workforce is the largest single item of cost on health and social care, with fifty percent of the current spend of a typical UK hospital going on its frontline workforce. The Economics of the UK Health and Social Care Labour Market details the size, occupational composition, geographical coverage, and growth of this workforce. Here, Robert Elliott explains why people work in frontline care and what drives the demand for these workers, details the heavy dependence of UK health and social care on foreign trained workers and explores its consequences, and considers how the labour market for frontline workers operates, how these workers' pay is set, and what has happened to it in recent years. Elliott explores the reasons for the acute shortage of some key frontline occupations and explains why economic theory is essential to understanding the way this labour market works and to constructing coherent and effective policy. Finally, the book proposes policies to improve the efficiency of this market and to resolve the problems that currently plague it.

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16

Thake, Anne Marie / Sood, Kiran / Oezen, Ercan et al. (eds.), Contemporary Challenges in Social Science Management: Skills Gaps and Shortages in the Labour Market. (Contemporary Studies in Economic and Financial Analysis 112, Part A) 296 pp. 2024:3 (Emerald, UK) <712-233>
ISBN 978-1-83753-165-3 hard ¥28,459.- (税込) US$ 132.00 *

The digital revolution and automation are accelerating changes in the labour market and in workplace skills. Affected by changes in international economics and opportunities for employment, in the workplace individuals seek to acquire relevant skills and retain transferable skills to be employable and to remain in employment. Contemporary Challenges in Social Science and Management Part A and B explore in detail the theoretical competency framework to address these gaps and shortages in different disciplines and sectors. The global drivers of change are analysed and the opportunities and challenges for skills development are investigated, include the transition from education to employment in knowledge-based sectors in different countries. Enriched and strengthened with European case studies of real-life situations providing a practical and industry insights, the volumes collate experts in Economics, Finance, Public Policy, Human Resources, and Risk management, contributing on employability, labour markets, sustainability, and skills of the future from across the globe. Contemporary Studies in Economic and Financial Analysis publishes a series of current and relevant themed volumes within the fields of economics and finance. Both disciplinary and interdisciplinary studies are welcome.

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17

雇用、労働時間、所得-州と地域 2023年版
Ryan, Mary Meghan (ed.), Employment, Hours, and Earnings 2023: States and Areas. 18th ed. 612 pp. 2023:10 (Bernan Pr., US) <711-348>
ISBN 978-1-63671-405-9 paper ¥30,615.- (税込) US$ 142.00 *

Bernan Press proudly presents the eighteenth edition of Employment, Hours, and Earnings: States and Areas 2023. A special edition to the Handbook of U.S. Labor Statistics: Employment, Earnings, Prices, Productivity, and Other Labor Data, this reference is a consolidated wealth of employment information, providing monthly and annual data on hours worked and earnings made by industry, including figures and summary information spanning several years. These data are presented for states and metropolitan statistical areas (MSAs).This edition features:Nearly 300 tables with data on employment for each state, the District of Columbia, and the nation's seventy-five largest MSAsDetailed, nonseasonally adjusted industry data organized by month and yearHours and earnings data for each state by industryAn introduction for each state and the District of Columbia that denotes salient data and noteworthy trends, including changes in population and the civilian labor force, industry increases and declines, employment and unemployment statistics, and a chart detailing employment percentages by industryRanking of the seventy-five largest MSAs, including census population estimates, unemployment rates, and the percent change in total nonfarm employmentConcise technical notes that explain pertinent facts about the data, including sources, definitions, and significant changes, with references for further guidanceA comprehensive appendix that details the geographical components of the seventy-five largest MSAsThe employment, hours, and earnings data in this publication provide a detailed and timely picture of the fifty states, the District of Columbia, and the nation's seventy-five largest MSAs. These data can be used to analyze key factors affecting state and local economies and to compare national cyclical trends to local-level economic activity.This reference is an excellent source of information for analysts in both the public and private sectors. Readers who are involved in public policy can use these data to determine the health of the economy, to clearly identify which sectors are growing and which are declining, and to determine the need for federal assistance. State and local jurisdictions can use the data to determine the need for services, including training and unemployment assistance, and for planning and budgetary purposes. In addition, the data can be used to forecast tax revenue. In private industry, the data can be used by business owners to compare their business to the economy as a whole and to identify suitable areas when making decisions about plant locations, wholesale and retail trade outlets, and locating a particular sector base.

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18

労働市場における買手独占
Alderman, Brianna L. / Blair, Roger D., Monopsony in Labor Markets: Theory, Evidence, and Public Policy. 225 pp. 2024:3 (Cambridge U. Pr., UK) <711-400>
ISBN 978-1-00-946522-9 hard ¥22,264.- (税込) GB£ 80.00 *
ISBN 978-1-00-946525-0 paper ¥7,232.- (税込) GB£ 25.99 *

The economics of monopsony power results in lower wages and other forms of compensation, as well as reduced employment. Wealth is transferred from workers to their employers. In addition, the employer's output is reduced, which leads to increased prices for consumers. Monopsony in Labor Markets demonstrates that elements of monopsony are pervasive and explores the available antitrust policy options. It presents the economic and empirical foundations for antitrust concerns and sets out the relevant antitrust policy. Building on this foundation, it examines collusion on compensation, collusive no-poaching agreements, and the inclusion of non-compete agreements in employment contracts. It also addresses the influence of labor unions, labor's antitrust exemption, which permits the exercise of countervailing power, and the consequences of mergers to monopsony. Offering a thorough explanation of antitrust policy, this book identifies the basic economic problems with monopsony in labor markets and explains the remedies currently available.

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19

Bhattacharyya, Rajib / Das, Ramesh Chandra / Ray, A. (eds.), COVID-19 Pandemic and Global Inequality: Reflections in Labour Market, Business and Social Sectors. 333 pp. 2023:11 (Springer, GW) <710-260>
ISBN 978-981-9944-04-0 hard ¥37,484.- (税込) EUR 159.99

The book intends to capture the most critical issue that has cropped up as an aftermath of the Corona pandemic- the phenomenon of widening of global inequalities across nations depending upon their economic position, support policies of the government and international relationship particularly in the context of alarming growth of unemployed in the labour market, business activity and social sector. This book is expected to provide new areas of research to both academicians and policy makers to re-think about global cooperation for bridging the inequalities for a better world. It tries to incorporate the valuable contribution of experts from various fields of knowledge in a consolidated volume. This text will be revised once the chapters are finalized and put together in structured themes. The table of content lists some of the chapters that have been confirmed, but there are more that are being invited by the editors.

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20

Hyclak, Thomas, The Rich Get Richer: American Wage, Wealth and Income Inequality. 196 pp. 2023:8 (World Scientific, SI) <709-195>
ISBN 978-981-12-7729-0 hard ¥16,816.- (税込) US$ 78.00 *

Inequality of wages among workers and inequality of income and wealth among families and households has been rising steadily for the past half-century in the United States and other developed economies. However, the United States stands out for having the most unequal wage and income distributions to begin with and for experiencing the fastest rise in inequality over the following decades. While this has been a long-developing situation and the subject of academic interest for some time, it is only in the last decade or so that inequality has attracted considerable public attention and become a political issue. Inequality has also become a subject of renewed interest among economists, with a growing number of scholars engaged in the development of new databases and the analysis of the causes and effects of increased inequality.This book provides an overview of the economic analysis of wage, income and wealth inequality in the United States, with a focus on this recent research. It provides the reader with an understanding of the complex causes of rising inequality, the serious consequences that make rising inequality an issue for public policy, and the potential policy actions that might be taken to slow or reverse rising inequality. The author presents an economic and statistical analysis in clear non-technical language to allow the general reader or student in an undergraduate course to learn the insights that economists have gained into the issue of inequality in advanced economies.The book contends that rising wage inequality among workers and income and wealth inequality among families reflects the complex interaction of profound changes in the US economy over the last half-century. These are not limited to economic changes like new technology, increased globalization, changes in the internal structure of firms, and the rise of new growth sectors in tech, finance, and health care. Of additional critical importance are changes in public opinion and political platforms and policies that replaced the New Deal view of the economic role of government with a pro-business, free-market philosophy that has changed labor market policy in a direction promoting increased inequality. This major change in the environment raises important questions about the efficacy of policy proposals. An additionally intriguing issue is the ultimate impact of the financial crisis and the Covid-19 pandemic on perceptions of and support for government policies designed to reverse the seemingly inexorable trend toward greater inequality. This book traces the evolution of inequality over time through key concept illustrations and language that is easy enough to understand, even for the general reader.

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21

Inaka, Saint Jose / Nshimbi, Christopher Changwe et al., The Reconstruction of Post-War Labour Markets in The Southern African Development Community: Insights from The Democratic Republic of The Congo. 239 pp. 2023:8 (Palgrave Macmillan, UK) <708-260>
ISBN 978-3-031-37356-5 hard ¥35,141.- (税込) EUR 149.99

This book provides a comprehensive overview of post-war labour market reconstructions, in the context of a regional bloc whose member states have experienced conflict. Focusing on the Southern African Development Community (SADC) region, the book explores how major conflicts often expose shortcomings in affected countries particularly on their post-war labour market reconstruction processes. The authors discuss how countries in the SADC region in particular are equipped to navigate such processes. This key question drives the overview of relationships between labour market issues and wars of liberation from colonial rule and apartheid, rights to self-determination and racial (in)equality and the need to succinctly explain how labour market issues shaped civil wars in some post-independent SADC member states. The book examines the role of the state in reconstruction processes of post-war labour markets and the contribution of labour market institutions to these reconstructions. It further analyses private sector participation in remaking labour markets and workers' experiences in finding employment in labour markets under reconstruction. The book provides specific insights from experiences in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC).

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22

雇用、失業、労働者の所得 2023年
Emploi, chomage, revenus du travail. Edition 2023. (INSEE References) 205 p. 2023:6 (INSEE, FR) <708-317>
ISBN 978-2-11-162400-9 paper ¥5,857.- (税込) EUR 25.00

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23

Mitra, Arup, Barriers to Employment: Impact of Macro, Individual and Enterprise-level Variables. (SpringerBriefs in Economics) 109 pp. 2023:8 (Springer, GW) <708-321>
ISBN 978-981-9945-69-6 paper ¥9,368.- (税込) EUR 39.99

This book uses the state-level panel data to identify some of the important correlates of employment growth/elasticity and indicators of quality-employment. To do so, it considers a wide spectrum of variables including physical, financial and social infrastructure specific indicators and government spending in certain key areas. In addition to the aggregate employment, the book also comprises analysis of different sectors, regions and gender categories. Based on the results, it identifies crucial determinants which bear important policy implications.The book presents evidence showcasing how the overall investment climate and an effective state, as envisaged in terms of increased social expenditure, are instrumental to improvements in employment elasticity. The findings also reinforce the role of industry-led growth and agglomeration economies in contributing to employment growth. Besides, based on the unit-level data from the periodic labour force surveys, the book tries to answer a wide range of questions such as, what restricts a person from getting absorbed in a high productivity activity; within a given sector why one is in a casual or self-employed job and not in regular wage job; are casual wage jobs in the informal sector different from those in the formal sector; and why the wage variations exist across sectors and activities. The three rounds of periodic labour force surveys reflect on certain individual and household characteristics; in particular, the role of education is seen to be crucial in determining the occupational choice and the wage rate. Finally, the book focuses on the enterprise-level data and identifies the types of units which are vulnerable within the unorganized sector. It assesses the links of the unorganized sector units with their organised sector counterpart and identifies the factors which reduce the economic viability of the units.

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24

D.S.ハマーメシュ、S.W.ポラチェク著 経済学における時間利用
Hamermesh, Daniel S. / Polachek, Solomon W. (eds.), Time Use in Economics. (Research in Labor Economics 51) 412 pp. 2023:12 (Emerald, UK) <708-212>
ISBN 978-1-83753-605-4 hard ¥33,418.- (税込) US$ 155.00 *

Beginning in 1965 Nobel Laureate Gary Becker realized that shadow prices, which reflect the value of one's time, may be at least as important as money prices. Implications of his resulting theory of time allocation were not tested until much later when governments began to collect extensive data on how individuals utilized their time. Time Use in Economics contains original research on new aspects of time use compiled by Daniel S. Hamermesh, a long-time path-breaking labor economist leader in analyzing time use data, and Solomon W. Polachek, a pioneer in gender-related labor market research. Topics include how time is used by type of household, how time is used in particular jobs, how time is used in high versus low growth geographic areas, how time is used after a job loss, how time use affects individual wellbeing, as well as how to interpret the blurred boundaries of time use between leisure and work, a growing issue as more individuals, especially mothers, work from home.

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Bisht, Nitin / Pattanaik, Falguni, Youth in India: Labour Market Performance and Emerging Challenges. (India Studies in Business and Economics) 203 pp. 2023:10 (Springer, GW) <708-250>
ISBN 978-981-9943-29-6 hard ¥30,455.- (税込) EUR 129.99

This book provides an overview of youth labour force and workforce participation in India and explores the dynamics of changing youth labour market in India. Despite notifying a demographic dividend phase, a significant share of youth witnessed higher exclusion (unemployment and not in employment, education or training) from the Indian labour market. Therefore, this book investigates the role of education in labour market and examines open unemployment. It conceptualizes the not-in-employment-education-or-training (NEET) status of youth in Indian context and explores the heterogeneity of NEET youth by analysing the push and pull role of demographic and socio-economic variables. Furthermore, this book examines the nexus of youth labour market status and economic growth in India to provide plausible recommendations for youth's higher, inclusive and sustained participation in the labour market and the country's development pathway. The book creates room for necessary policy interventions considering the changing dynamics of youth labour market and contemplating the challenges of skill, technology and Industry 4.0., which entails a higher emphasis on 're-shape', 're-focus' and 're-share' for enhanced and sustained inclusion of youth in labour market. It is a necessary resource for students, researchers, policymakers, and industry partners interested in exploring and understanding the political economy of youth labour market in India.

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Eberhard-Ruiz, Andreas / Merotto, Dino / Saliola, F. et al., Jobs for Development: Applying a Job Lens to Structural Change and Ecnomic Growth. 300 pp. 2023:12 (World Bank, US) <706-246>
ISBN 978-1-4648-2011-3 paper ¥8,797.- (税込) US$ 43.95

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Maliszewska, Maryla / Winkler, Deborah, Leveraging Trade for More and Beter Jobs in Developing Countries. 200 pp. 2023:9 (World Bank, US) <706-251>
ISBN 978-1-4648-2012-0 paper ¥9,909.- (税込) US$ 49.50 *

This report examines the impacts of trade integration on the quantity and quality of jobs in developing countries and the underlying channels through which workers adjust. It also offers data, analytics, and a clear framework to help policymakers maximize the aggregate labor market gains from trade while minimizing adjustment costs for workers.

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Lopez-Acevedo, Gladys / Robertson, Raymond (eds.), Exports to Improve Labor Markets in the Middle East and North Africa. (Middle East and North Africa Development Report) 188 pp. 2023:6 (World Bank, US) <706-271>
ISBN 978-1-4648-1972-8 paper ¥8,797.- (税込) US$ 43.95 *

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Pettit, Harry, The Labor of Hope: Meritocracy and Precarity in Egypt. 224 pp. 2023:11 (Stanford U. Pr., US) <706-336>
ISBN 978-1-5036-3653-8 hard ¥19,404.- (税込) US$ 90.00 *
ISBN 978-1-5036-3744-3 paper ¥6,468.- (税込) US$ 30.00 *

Technological advancements, expanding education, and unfettered capitalism have encouraged many around the world to aspire to better lives, even as declines in employment and widening inequality are pushing more and more people into insecurity and hardship. In Egypt, a generation of young men desire fulfilling employment, meaningful relationships, and secure family life, yet find few paths to achieve this. The Labor of Hope follows these educated but underemployed men as they struggle to establish careers and build satisfying lives. In so doing, this book reveals the lived contradiction at the heart of capitalist systems-the expansive dreams they encourage and the precarious lives they produce. Harry Pettit follows young men as they engage a booming training, recruitment, and entrepreneurship industry that sells the cruel meritocratic promise that a good life is realizable for all. He considers the various ways individuals cultivate distraction and hope for future mobility: education, migration, consumption, and prayer. These hope-filled practices are a form of emotional labor for young men, placing responsibility on the individual rather than structural issues in Egypt's economy. Illuminating this emotional labor, Pettit shows how the capitalist economy continues to capture the attention of the very people harmed by it.

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30

ドイツにおける外国の高等教育卒業生の雇用可能性
Kapanen, Antti, Employability of Foreign Higher Education Graduates in Germany: A Grounded Theory Study of Factors, Processes and Action Strategies. (Studien zur Berufs- und Professionsforschung 42) 422 S. 2023:6 (Kovac, GW) <705-341>
ISBN 978-3-339-13482-0 paper ¥28,068.- (税込) EUR 119.80 *

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31

都市を超えた移民の経済学-理論的視点と実証的洞察
Rauhut, Daniel / Aigner-Walder, Birgit / Schomaker, R. M., The Economics of Immigration Beyond the Cities: Theoretical Perspectives and Empirical Insights. 172 pp. 2023:6 (Palgrave Macmillan, UK) <704-229>
ISBN 978-3-031-30967-0 hard ¥30,455.- (税込) EUR 129.99

This book explores how migrants and refugees can revitalise peripheral regions and communities economically. The extent to which migrants stimulate the economic activities of these regions through labour market participation, entrepreneurship, innovation and consumption is examined theoretically and empirically for the EU as a whole, as well as through empirical case studies that highlight the impact of migration at macro, company, and individual levels. A particular focus is given to the economic consequences of Third Country Nationals to places beyond the cities, i.e. the peripheral and remote regions of Europe.This book aims to provide insight into the role of migrations in low productive and labour-intensive regions. The authors provide innovative policy recommendations to stimulate the positive economic consequences of immigration to places beyond the cities. It will be of interest to students, researchers, and policymakers working within labour economics and migration and integration policies.

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Golash-Boza, Tanya Maria, Before Gentrification: The Creation of DC's Racial Wealth Gap. 312 pp. 2023:9 (U. California Pr., US) <703-263>
ISBN 978-0-520-39116-1 hard ¥18,326.- (税込) US$ 85.00 *
ISBN 978-0-520-39117-8 paper ¥6,025.- (税込) US$ 27.95 *

Draws a direct line between redlining, incarceration, and gentrification in an American city. This book shows how a century of redlining, disinvestment, and the War on Drugs wreaked devastation on Black people and paved the way for gentrification in Washington, DC. In Before Gentrification, Tanya Maria Golash-Boza tracks the cycles of state abandonment and punishment that have shaped the city, revealing how policies and policing work to displace and decimate the Black middle class. Through the stories of those who have lost their homes and livelihoods, Golash-Boza explores how DC came to be the nation's "murder capital" and incarceration capital, and why it is now a haven for wealthy White people. This troubling history makes clear that the choice to use prisons and policing to solve problems faced by Black communities in the twentieth century-instead of investing in schools, community centers, social services, health care, and violence prevention-is what made gentrification possible in the twenty-first. Before Gentrification unveils a pattern of anti-Blackness and racial capitalism in DC that has implications for all US cities.

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雇用保障と柔軟性-労働市場のダイナミクス研究
Dinga, Emil / Dutcas, Monica Florica / Ionescu, G.-M., Job Security and Flexibility: Exploring Labour Market Dynamics. 252 pp. 2023:7 (Palgrave Macmillan, UK) <702-370>
ISBN 978-3-031-28508-0 hard ¥28,112.- (税込) EUR 119.99 *

This book examines the relationship between job security and job flexibility. Through an innovative conceptual approach, the concept of job flexicurity is presented to highlight the labour market dynamics between job flexibility and employee security. The dynamics of labour market mechanisms are placed within ideas of rigidity, security, flexibility, and plasticity to explore the interplay between different employee considerations. Particular attention is given to the Romanian labour market with an empirical case study that expands upon the ideas discussed.This book aims to analyse how job security and flexibility impact worker well-being and happiness. It will be relevant to students and researchers interested in labour economics and the job market.

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Meliou, Elina / Vassilopoulou, J. / Ozbilgin, M. F. (eds.), Diversity and Precarious Work During Socio-Economic Upheaval: Exploring the Missing Link. 350 pp. 2023:12 (Cambridge U. Pr., UK) <702-371>
ISBN 978-1-108-83211-3 hard ¥26,438.- (税込) GB£ 95.00 *

Existing research on the rise of precarious forms of employment has paid little attention to gender and diversity challenges. Yet precarious work has damaging effects for vulnerable demographics, with women, ethnic minorities and people with disabilities more considerably affected. This volume unpacks this research and offers insights into the role of organizations in fostering inclusive change. It draws an awareness of precarious work and diversity in organizations in three ways: 1. Uncovers and documents the variety of issues facing vulnerable demographic groups at work. 2. Promotes greater scholarship on the link between precarious work and diversity during economic and social upheaval. 3. Develops a research program and agenda that sheds light into new and important aspects of precarious work and diversity issues. A group of international scholars come together to discuss ways to address these challenges and offer a way forward for the future.

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J.-A.Johannessen著 第四次産業革命と労働市場
Johannessen, Jon-Arild, The Fourth Industrial Revolution and the Labour Market: Future-proofing Work in the Innovation Economy. (Routledge Studies in the Economics of Innovation) 216 pp. 2023:9 (Routledge, UK) <701-211>
ISBN 978-1-03-256429-6 hard ¥37,570.- (税込) GB£ 135.00 *

The innovation economy is the driver for the development of the Fourth Industrial Revolution and consequently, there is a growing focus on innovation in general and technological innovation in particular. In this context, there is much to suggest that it is the triple impact of artificial intelligence, big data and 5G- and 6G networks that will go beyond the limits of existing competence. This book is about the new competence that is emerging in the wake of artificial intelligence and intelligent robots. It explains how these two technologies are completely fundamental to what is known as the Fourth Industrial Revolution. The author argues that artificial intelligence will promote automation, which will reduce wages rather than increase unemployment statistics. The book posits that when the utility value of technology and the rate of dissemination of technology is high, people who have the necessary competence will both future-proof their jobs in the labour market and also be among the highest-paid workers in the new economy that is emerging from the innovation economy. Further, by making education more compatible with new technology will enable graduates to access more secure and better paid jobs, and all behavioural fields related to new technology will flourish because they can be used in many contexts to steer people's behaviour in certain directions through the integration of big data and artificial intelligence. The book employs the following scholarly methods: conceptual generalization, scenario-based thinking and historical economic methodology, thus it will be of particular benefit to academic scholars, researchers and graduate students who are concerned with the impact of the fourth industrial revolution on the labour market.

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構造的人種差別の経済学-階層の経済学と米国労働市場
Mason, Patrick L., The Economics of Structural Racism: Stratification Economics and US Labor Markets. (Cambridge Studies in Stratification Economics: Economics and Social Identity) 388 pp. 2023:4 (Cambridge U. Pr., UK) <700-403>
ISBN 978-1-00-929080-7 hard ¥19,481.- (税込) GB£ 70.00 *
ISBN 978-1-00-929077-7 paper ¥6,397.- (税込) GB£ 22.99 *

This extensive and comprehensive book tracks persistent racial disparities in the US across multiple regimes of structural racism. It begins with an examination of the economics of racial identity, mechanisms of stratification, and regimes of structural racism. It analyzes trends in racial inequality in education and changes in family structure since the demise of Jim Crow. The book also examines generational trends in income, wealth, and employment for families and individuals, by race, gender, and national region. It explores economic differences among African Americans, by region, ethnicity, nativity, gender, and racial identity. Finally, the book provides a theoretical analysis of structural racism, productivity, and wages, with a special focus on the role of managers and instrumental discrimination inside the firm. The book concludes with an investigation of instrumental discrimination, hate crimes, the criminal legal system, and the impact of mass incarceration on family structure and economic inequality.

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労働のグローバル政治経済研究ハンドブック
Atzeni, Maurizio / Azzellini, Dario et al. (eds.), Handbook of Research on the Global Political Economy of Work. 640 pp. 2023:10 (E. Elgar, UK) <700-546>
ISBN 978-1-83910-657-6 hard ¥72,358.- (税込) GB£ 260.00 *

This ground-breaking Handbook broadens empirical and theoretical understandings of work, work relations, and workers. It advances a global, intersectional labour studies agenda, laying the foundations for the politically emancipatory project of decolonising the political economy of work.Moving beyond traditional disciplinary boundaries, this Handbook provides a comprehensive account of the relations between different forms of work, exploitation, class configuration and worker resistance. With insights from global experts across the social sciences, it examines changes in technology, geographies of production, and the dynamics of the global capitalist political economy to map modern configurations of work. Using ongoing empirical qualitative research, contributors explore key issues such as capital accumulation, migration, digital work, trade unionism and reproductive labour. There is a particular focus on perspectives from the Global South, with in-depth analyses of class and work in countries and regional economic blocs used to explore the dynamics between the local and the global.Providing an authoritative overview of traditional and current debates, this Handbook will be an essential resource for students and researchers of political economy, industrial relations and the sociology of work, critical management studies, social movement studies, and development.

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先進民主主義国における労働市場政策ハンドブック
Clegg, Daniel / Durazzi, Niccolo (eds.), Handbook of Labour Market Policy in Advanced Democracies. 576 pp. 2023:10 (E. Elgar, UK) <700-547>
ISBN 978-1-80088-087-0 hard ¥64,009.- (税込) GB£ 230.00 *

Bringing together contributions from leading labour market policy scholars from across the globe, this state-of-the-art Handbook offers extensive and compelling analyses of labour market policy in advanced democracies.Drawing on the lively debates on labour market policy that have characterised comparative social policy and comparative political economy scholarship in recent years, the Handbook provides theoretical insights into the core concepts, changing contexts and main actors that shape contemporary labour market policy. Using macro-regional case studies spanning Asia, Australasia, Europe and North America, it offers detailed empirical illustrations of how major labour market policies and institutions have evolved over time and across countries. Chapters further examine the diversity of policy options and their various political implications, assessing the relationship between labour market policy and major socio-economic outcomes, such as inequality, well being and political participation.Integrating cutting-edge theory with rich empirical insights, this incisive Handbook will be an invaluable reference for students and scholars of comparative social policy and comparative political economy. Its comprehensive coverage will also allow policy-makers and practitioners to reflect critically on the role of labour market policy in today's complex societies.

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39

ジェンダーの賃金格差を説明する
Sielska, Alicja, Explaining the Gender Wage Gap: The Missing Aspects of Discrimination. 160 pp. 2023:10 (E. Elgar, UK) <700-549>
ISBN 978-1-03-531258-0 hard ¥19,481.- (税込) GB£ 70.00 *

This timely book offers an engaging contemporary analysis of research into the gender pay gap while also providing important nuanced observations. It illustrates the variant methodologies that have been employed by researchers who have attempted to elucidate this challenging topic. Explaining the Gender Wage Gap examines often-neglected factors that highlight women's lower earnings compared to men, such as risk aversion and the negotiation process. Chapters compare feminist and neoclassical discrimination theories whilst analysing models used to calculate the gender wage gap. They conclude that modern discrimination against women in the labour market may be less severe than public assumptions suggest. Due to its investigative content, this intriguing book will be perfect for researchers and students exploring macroeconomics, the labour market and gender discrimination. It will also be beneficial for university professors lecturing in subjects such as economics, sociology and labour policy.

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Hartog, Joop, The Political Economy of Immigration in The Netherlands: Population, Land and Welfare. (Routledge Studies in Labour Economics) 216 pp. 2023:8 (Routledge, UK) <699-133>
ISBN 978-1-03-244758-2 hard ¥37,570.- (税込) GB£ 135.00 *

Economists measure the effects of immigration through the yardstick of income. This book offers a broad survey of the conventional approach but in addition, also considers better measures of welfare or well-being and provides a detailed description and evaluation of policies - rules, regulations and implementation. The book offers a long, historical perspective on the development of population density in the Netherlands. It begins with the history of the Netherlands: geological and cultural formation of the land - and water - and population development. The Netherlands is unique in that much of the land is man-made, in particular the western part, which is, economically speaking, the most developed area. It is also special for its very high population growth rate that took off during the 19th century. The key argument of the book is that population size is irrelevant for income per capita, that land is a binding constraint in the Netherlands and that negative external effects of increasing population size lead to welfare losses from further population growth, whether by natural growth or by immigration. At present, the battle for scarce land is intense and bitter, with a strong clash between developers who want to build houses, farmers who do not want to give up farming and conservationists who increasingly find support in the courts for insufficiently caring for the natural environment. The book combines a general analysis of population density, both theoretical and empirical, with an in-depth presentation of actual policies in a country with intense pressure on available land.

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41

交差性と差別-米国労働市場の考察
White, Roger, Intersectionality and Discrimination: An Examination of the U.S. Labor Market. 159 pp. 2023:2 (Palgrave Macmillan, UK) <698-271>
ISBN 978-3-031-26124-4 hard ¥9,368.- (税込) EUR 39.99

In 1989, Kimberle Crenshaw coined the term "intersectionality" to describe the interdependent and overlapping systems of discrimination and disadvantage that result from the interconnected nature of social categorizations. These categories include, but are not limited to, disability, gender identity, nationality, race, and socioeconomic class. In recent years, we have witnessed increased societal interest in the notion of equal economic, political, and social rights. This has commonly manifested in a desire for equality of opportunity (i.e., social justice). This book applies an intersectional approach to examine a specific facet of inequality - namely, the presence and magnitude of wage discrimination in the U.S. labor market. This book accomplishes several objectives. It introduces intersectional analysis for readers who are unfamiliar with the topic. The book identifies intersectional wage discrimination for a large number of worker groups that are defined by multiple intersecting identities (i.e., the personal characteristics of Hispanic ethnicity, nativity, race, and sex). It also documents variation in wage differentials both between worker groups (i.e., contemporaneously) and within groups (i.e., intertemporally). Finally, given the policy relevance of our topic, it is fitting that the final chapter is devoted to corresponding conclusions.

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Bharati, Kanchan / Lobo, Lancy / Kumar, Dhananjay, Urban Daily Labour Markets in Gujarat, Western India. 220 pp. 2023:7 (Routledge, UK) <697-207>
ISBN 978-1-03-222437-4 hard ¥36,179.- (税込) GB£ 130.00 *

This volume explores one of the most complex labour landscapes of India - the urban daily labour market. These markets form an important sector of the urban informal labour market and contribute significantly to the Indian economy. This book presents an empirical, comparative picture of daily labour markets, in Gujarat, Western India.These markets consist mostly of intra-state and interstate migrant workers who suffer from layered multiple marginalities based on markers of informality, migrant status, caste, ethnicity, gender and poor agency and often live in the peripheries of the cities without any rights and entitlements to their spaces and services. This study, based on an extensive survey of three cities in Gujarat, contains descriptions and analyses of the places of migration and their causes as well as the working and living conditions of the workers along with their spending patterns on food, health, education and leisure. It mirrors the work, life and issues of these workers on the regional level while contributing to a better understanding for future policy interventions.An in-depth study, the book will be of interest to students and researchers of labour economics, labour studies, urban planning, social work, sociology, anthropology, and demography. It will also be useful to NGOs/trade unions working with migrant workers, civil servants in Labour department and other related departments, city planners and policy makers.

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Arslan, Ayse, Women's Productive and Reproductive Labour: Class and Gender Inequalities in Turkey. (Routledge Studies in Gender and Economics) 248 pp. 2023:7 (Routledge, UK) <697-214>
ISBN 978-0-367-71029-3 hard ¥37,570.- (税込) GB£ 135.00 *

This book looks at the dynamic relationship between women's productive and reproductive work in a Global South country from a Global South perspective. Applying a feminist political economy and historical materialist approach and building on an ethnographic extended case study, it analyses the relationships between class and gender across both the productive and reproductive realms at the macro and micro levels in the case of women garment workers in Turkey. Overall, it shows that the material and social conditions of women's productive and reproductive work co-constitute each other. It suggests that productive and social reproductive labour should be examined as an integrated process and an interrelated social relation, in constant dialogue with other social relations. This book is of interest to researchers and students in the disciplines of gender studies, labour studies, feminist economics, sociology and development studies. Given that most studies on social reproduction have largely focused on the Global North, this book is of particular interest to those in search of a more comprehensive and holistic understanding. It is also of great relevance to policymakers concerned with gender and labour issues as well as labour and feminist activists.

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Gradin, Carlos / Lewandowski, P. / Schotte, S. et al. (eds.), Tasks, Skills, and Institutions: The Changing Nature of Work and Inequality. (UNU-WIDER Studies in Development Economics) 272 pp. 2023:6 (Oxford U. Pr., UK) <696-199>
ISBN 978-0-19-287224-1 hard ¥23,098.- (税込) GB£ 83.00 *

This is an open access title available under the terms of a CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 IGO licence. It is free to read at Oxford Scholarship Online and offered as a free PDF download from OUP and selected open access locations. The book investigates the trends in earnings inequalities in developing countries to determine the main drivers. Particular attention is paid to extending the most conventional explanations of changes in earnings inequality, based on the relative abundance of skilled and unskilled labour, with recent theories that put the nature of tasks performed by workers in their jobs, rather than their skills, at the centre of the analysis. The latter approach has helped to explain relevant patterns recently observed in the trends in earnings inequality in the US and other industrialized countries. Developed countries have experienced a polarization in earnings and in employment, namely stronger growth in the earnings and jobs for the most and least skilled workers at the expense of those in the middle. This pattern has been attributed to differences in tasks-whether a given job is routine and can be automated or offshored-rather than skills, and has reduced employment and incomes in typical middle-class jobs in manufacturing and services. However, this narrative has been developed in the context of mature industrialized economies on the frontier of technological change that have also seen a large set of activities offshored to emergent economies. Evidence for developing countries, however, is still scarce and faces bigger challenges, both conceptual, and in terms of gathering the necessary data on earnings and task content of jobs. This book presents the main results of the UNU-WIDER project, The Changing Nature of Work and Inequality, aiming to fill this knowledge gap.

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Deng, Xin / Fraser, Kym / Shen, Jie (eds.), Ageing in China: What does it mean for the Job Market? 144 pp. 2023:3 (Springer, UK) <695-544>
ISBN 978-981-19-9680-1 hard ¥39,827.- (税込) EUR 169.99

This book provides a comprehensive examination of the effect of ageing population in China on labour market. The delay in releasing 2020 census data in China once again drew world's attention to the ageing population in China: the births have fallen to their lowest level since the 1960s. The relaxation of one-child child policy seems to have little impact to reverse the declining birth rate starting in the 2010s. Rising longevity have made China - the most populous country in the world- fast becoming an ageing society. Within a few decades, it will become the country with the largest ageing population in the world. This book adopts a multi-disciplinary approach to explore the effects of ageing population on labour market at three levels: Macro, organizational and individual levels. Population ageing in China is of interest to researchers, practitioners and policy makers across the world. Population ageing has profound effects on various parts of the society, and this book will focus on the labour market, aiming at producing a comprehensive picture of how population ageing affecting the composition of workforce and the way people work from the perspective of individuals, organization and society as a whole. This book examines China's population ageing through the lens of economics, management and sociology, in order to produce a comprehensive understanding of this issue. This book includes cutting-edge research and most up-to-date statistics for arguably China's most important social change for the next few decades. This book encases high quality research on China's ageing population and is expected to the reliable source of information for future research and policy development. This book presents a collection of chapters examining the impact of population ageing at three levels in order to provide a holistic view of this matter and allow readers to choose the topic that meet their interests.

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Lewis, Gavin, The Opportunity Index: A Solution-Based Framework to Dismantle the Racial Wealth Gap. 256 pp. 2023:3 (Wiley, US) <695-545>
ISBN 978-1-119-84076-3 hard ¥6,036.- (税込) US$ 28.00 *

A bold and fresh perspective unravelling the economics of racial inequality In The Opportunity Index, BlackRock Managing Director and co-founder of the #Talkaboutblack movement, Gavin Lewis, skillfully plots the origins of the racial wealth gap and its impact on the inequalities faced by the Black community today. Weaving a personal and at times moving narrative through some of the most disruptive events of our time, he offers a blueprint for businesses and individuals to understand the risks and opportunities presented by inequality and issues an urgent call to action. The Opportunity Index also presents: A root cause-oriented and solutions-focused exploration of the racial wealth gap and its role in social, health, and opportunity inequalityA perspective that moves beyond the typical workplace discussion to explore the deeper truths about society and the role of capitalismThe lessons learned from the #BlackLivesMatter, #MeToo, and climate change movements and how these provide case studies for real and lasting changeAn eye-opening and insightful treatment of what equity and access mean in the context of international finance, The Opportunity Index will earn a place in the libraries of finance professionals, business leaders, teachers, academics, community leaders, diversity, equity, and inclusion experts, and anyone else with an interest in racial, social, and economic fairness around the world.

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COVID-19 and Labor Markets in Southeast Asia: Impacts on Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Thailand, and Viet Nam. 118 pp. 2021:12 (Asian Development Bank, PH) <695-400>
ISBN 978-92-9269-250-6 paper ¥7,330.- (税込) US$ 34.00 *

This report examines the impacts of COVID-19 on labour markets along with adjustment patterns in Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Thailand, and Viet Nam.Labour markets in Southeast Asia were particularly hit hard in 2020 when government pandemic containment measures were most severe. COVID-19 exacerbated growing inequalities in the region and exposed large gaps in social protection . This report aims to help policymakers identify priorities, constraints, and opportunities for developing effective labour market strategies for economic recovery and beyond.

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Singh, Bir, India's Informal Economy: Contractual Labour in the Formal Manufacturing Sector. (Routledge Studies in Labour Economics) 176 pp. 2023:5 (Routledge, UK) <694-210>
ISBN 978-1-03-237371-3 hard ¥36,179.- (税込) GB£ 130.00 *

The demand for economic inclusion has increasingly intensified, as manifested by the growing movements of farmers, workers and social activists. Therefore, the question of adequate social representation of marginalized and underprivileged communities has to be made pivotal in the discourse of inclusion. This book investigates selected aspects of labour market informality in India. It examines the key factors that have expedited labour informality-contractualisation-in the manufacturing sector since the early 1990s. It analyses the features of informality and inclusion from the perspective of not just class but also the caste hierarchy in Indian society, thus offering readers an exhaustive overview of economic inclusion following the economic reforms and providing fresh insights into labour market informality through the lens of the social divisions in Indian society. Developed on a wide canvas of multiple processes, policies, and factors that have contributed to this phenomenon, the book offers an elaborate analysis of contractualisation within the industry from the perspectives of labour legislation and the labour market. In addition, it contextualizes the issue of job informality for the post-economic reforms era, from 1991 onwards. It examines the impact of the policies of economic reform on contractualisation across industries and states. Further, the book discusses the dynamics of the labour market reforms in India, given that there is a higher incidence of labour informality in India. It also highlights how the policy quest for inclusive growth has remained unfulfilled. This book will be a useful guide for advanced students, academic researchers, scholars and policy makers that are engaged with the issue of informal sector employment.

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Carrizosa, Maria, Homes at Work: Urban Informality and Recognition in Latin America and Africa. (Routledge Advances in Regional Economics, Science and Policy) 256 pp. 2023:5 (Routledge, UK) <694-194>
ISBN 978-1-03-228623-5 hard ¥34,787.- (税込) GB£ 125.00 *

Following the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic, working from home became a global phenomenon, yet before 2020, it was a relatively understudied practice. But in informal settlements, the definition of "home" and "employment" is completely intertwined, which is why there is so much to learn from them. For over half a century, mainstream theoretical approaches to urban informality, dominated by development economics, often fail to see this economic and spatial phenomenon jointly. Labor studies tend to be space-blind and spatial studies often disregard informal employment. Profoundly interdisciplinary, this work connects scholarship in development, public policy, labor studies, and feminist economics, with that in urban studies, planning, housing, architecture, and visual studies.The book walks the reader behind the closed doors of working homes that make the fabric, both social and economic, of most cities. It applies a visual methodology to reveal their "space-use intensity" and quantify the extent to which houses in informal settlements fill their inner pores with economic activity and community services. The research also revisits urban formalization policies in Latin America and Africa, to uncover a fallacious politics of recognition. It ultimately argues for a recognition continuum: an approach to urban informality that is more practical and fairer.The book is of interest to development economists, urban scholars, public policy specialists, time-use researchers, and architects working on housing, employment generation, urban livelihoods, gender studies, and related topics.

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Heise, Arne / Pusch, Toralf (Hrsg.), Mindestloehne - Szenen einer Wissenschaft. (Oekonomie und Gesellschaft 34) 322 S. 2022:7 (Metropolis, GW) <693-378>
ISBN 978-3-7316-1510-1 paper ¥8,153.- (税込) EUR 34.80 *

Die Wirtschaftswissenschaft durchlebt schwere Zeiten: Sie hat die Weltfinanzkrise nicht kommen sehen und die darauffolgende Eurokrise mit ihrem wirtschaftspolitischen Ratschlag vielleicht sogar noch vertieft. In Deutschland hat die Oeffentlichkeit erlebt, wie die Oekonomen fast einmuetig die Einfuehrung des Mindestlohns ablehnten, weil sie einen massiven Beschaeftigungsverlust erwarteten ? und es kam ganz anders. Das vorliegende Jahrbuch will sich am Beispiel dieser scheinbaren Falsifikation des tradierten Arbeitsmarktmodells angesichts der mangelnden empirischen Belege fuer die prognostizierten Beschaeftigungsverluste des 2015 eingefuehrten Mindestlohns mit der Arbeitsweise der oekonomischen Forschergemeinschaft befassen, um Resilienzbestrebungen und Neuerungsversuche in einem wissenschaftlichen Machtfeld besser zu verstehen: Szenen einer Wissenschaft. Die Leitfragen dieses Bandes des Jahrbuchs lauten deshalb: Sind die Ergebnisse der Einfuehrung eines flaechendeckenden, bindenden Mindestlohns in Deutschland mit der traditionellen Arbeitsmarkttheorie vereinbar? Welche Konsequenzen fuer die wissenschaftliche Untersuchung des Arbeitsmarktes, aber auch fuer die wissenschaftliche Beratung der Politik muessen aus den gewonnenen Erkenntnissen gezogen werden?

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