哲学・社会思想・宗教

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社会思想史

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1

Trousson, Raymond / Vercruysse, Jeroom (dir.), Dictionnaire general de Voltaire. (Champion classiques, references et dictionnaires 18) 1272 p. 2020:10 (Champion, FR) <670-9>
ISBN 978-2-38096-016-7 paper ¥7,064.- (税込) EUR 38.00

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NEW

1

Urabayen, Julia / Leon Casero, Jorge (eds.), Post-Apocalyptic Cultures: New Political Imaginaries After the Collapse of Modernity. (Palgrave Studies in Utopianism) 288 pp. 2024:3 (Palgrave Macmillan, UK) <722-15>
ISBN 978-3-031-50509-6 hard ¥30,455.- (税込) EUR 129.99

This book advocates for the necessity of recovering the value of utopias as political projects that open new channels of action. The criticism of modern political utopias is based on the supposed impossibility of creating for the future because there is no longer a future (apocalyptic ideology). However, this edited collection seeks to show that the post-apocalyptic world in which we live entails a renewed freedom of design for the radical reorganization of institutions. Post-apocalyptic cultures are not obligated to follow the capitalist, anthropocentric, correlationist and sovereign modes of the old political project of emancipation-the Western enlightenment-that has started to collapse. With this in mind, this book is divided into four sections dedicated to the main themes from which to rethink the projects of political emancipation that are possible nowadays: technopolitics; posthumanist biopolitics; non-western politicsl and the crossover between arts and politics.

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2

Chaptal, Mathieu, D'une revolution a l'autre: Etienne Claviere, 1735-1793. (Histoire du droit et des institutions) 1067 p. 2024:2 (Mare & Martin, FR) <721-15>
ISBN 978-2-84934-814-7 paper ¥18,275.- (税込) EUR 78.00

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3

A.スミスと感情主義
Jaffro, Laurent, Le miroir de la sympathie: Adam Smith et le sentimentalisme. (Problemes de la raison) 287 p. 2024:2 (Vrin, FR) <721-16>
ISBN 978-2-7116-3161-2 paper ¥3,045.- (税込) EUR 13.00

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4

Ludwig, Ralph / Ueckmann, Natascha / Febel, Gisela (dir.), Les Lumieres dans les Caraibes francaises et la circulation transatlantique des idees. (Rencontres. Serie Le dix-huitieme siecle) 403 p. 2024:2 (Classiques Garnier, FR) <721-17>
ISBN 978-2-406-15837-0 hard ¥19,915.- (税込) EUR 85.00
ISBN 978-2-406-15834-9 paper ¥8,434.- (税込) EUR 36.00

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5

Markovits Pessel, Francine, Le congres des religions: commentaire philosophique du Banquet des sept sages de Jean Bodin. (Philosophie) 180 p. 2024:2 (Hermann, FR) <721-18>
ISBN 979-10-370-3355-0 paper ¥5,857.- (税込) EUR 25.00

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6

D.ヒュームの政治思想
Zubia, Aaron Alexander, The Political Thought of David Hume: The Origins of Liberalism and the Modern Political Imagination. 386 pp. 2024:2 (U. Notre Dame Pr., US) <721-19>
ISBN 978-0-268-20780-9 hard ¥15,092.- (税込) US$ 70.00 *

Aaron Alexander Zubia argues that the Epicurean roots of David Hume's philosophy gave rise to liberalism's unrelenting grip on the modern political imagination. Eighteenth-century Scottish philosopher David Hume has had an outsized impact on the political thinkers who came after him, from the nineteenth-century British Utilitarians to modern American social contract theorists. In this thorough and thoughtful new work, Aaron Alexander Zubia examines the forces that shaped Hume's thinking within the broad context of intellectual history, with particular focus on the ancient Greek philosopher Epicurus and the skeptical tradition. Zubia argues that through Hume's influence, Epicureanism-which elevates utility over moral truth-became the foundation of liberal political philosophy, which continues to dominate and limit political discourse today.

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7

批判の懐疑的ルーツ-ヒュームの神学への攻撃とカントの二律背反の起源
Anderson, Abraham, The Skeptical Roots of Critique: Hume's Attack on Theology and the Origin of Kant's Antinomy. 304 pp. 2024:8 (Oxford U. Pr., US) <720-9>
ISBN 978-0-19-768400-9 hard ¥25,872.- (税込) US$ 120.00

"It was the objection of David Hume," Kant says, "that first interrupted my dogmatic slumber;" "it was the fourfold Antinomy," he later says, "that first woke me from dogmatic slumber." The first statement has been taken to mean that the Critique of Pure Reason is a refutation of Hume's skepticism. The Antinomy, however, like ancient skepticism, uses skeptical method to attack dogmatism. Is the Critique a refutation of skepticism or its heir? In The Skeptical Roots of Critique, Abraham Anderson shows that Kant's Critique of Pure Reason is the heir to Hume's skepticism about metaphysics. In showing that the Antinomy flows from Hume's skepticism, this work connects Kant with the skeptical tradition reaching back to the ancients. In his Enquiry, Hume hints that both Samuel Clarke's theism and the dogmatic materialism he seeks to refute are underwritten by the rationalist causal principle that nothing comes from nothing, and that the clash between the two issues in a skeptical antithetic. In his Emile, Rousseau too saw Clarke's refutation as issuing in an antithetic. These works inspired the first version of Kant's Antinomy, the Dreams of a Spirit Seer; fifteen years later, Hume's Dialogues inspired the mature Antinomy of the Critique. Like Hume's Enquiry and Dialogues and Rousseau's Emile, the Critique is part of the battle for Enlightenment, the struggle against the 'despotic' reign of theological dogmatism.

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8

いかにJ.S.ミルが米国の言論の自由の保護を形成したか
Kasper, Eric T. / Kozma, Troy A., The Supreme Court and the Philosopher: How John Stuart Mill Shaped US Free Speech Protections. 288 pp. 2024:4 (Northern Illinois U. Pr., US) <720-12>
ISBN 978-1-5017-7451-5 hard ¥9,691.- (税込) US$ 44.95

The Supreme Court and the Philosopher illustrates how the modern US Supreme Court has increasingly adopted a view of the constitutional right to the freedom of expression that is classically liberal in nature, reflecting John Stuart Mill's reasoning in On Liberty. A landmark treatise outlining the merits of limiting governmental and social power over the individual, On Liberty advocates for a maximum protection of human freedom. Proceeding case by case and covering a wide array of issues, such as campaign finance, offensive speech, symbolic speech, commercial speech, online expression, and false statements, Eric T. Kasper and Troy A. Kozma show how the Supreme Court justices have struck down numerous laws for infringing on the freedom of expression. Kasper and Kozma demonstrate how the adoption of Mill's version of free speech began with Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr. more than a century ago and expanded over time to become the prevailing position of the Court today. The authors argue that this embrace of Mill's rationale has led to an unmistakable reorientation in the Court's understanding of free expression jurisprudence. The Supreme Court and the Philosopher is the first book to comprehensively explore how the political philosophy of Mill has influenced the highest court in the land. In targeting the underlying philosophical reasons that explain why the modern Supreme Court renders its First Amendment decisions, this book is particularly timely, as the issues of censorship and freedom of expression are debated in the public square today.

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9

McCrudden Illert, Kathleen, A Republic of Sympathy: Sophie de Grouchy's Politics and Philosophy, 1785-1815. (Ideas in Context) 293 pp. 2024:8 (Cambridge U. Pr., UK) <720-13>
ISBN 978-1-00-948244-8 hard ¥23,655.- (税込) GB£ 85.00

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10

クラレンドン版 T.ホッブズ著作集『法の原理』
Sommerville, Johann P. (ed.), Thomas Hobbes: Elements of Law. (The Clarendon Edition of the Works of Thomas Hobbes) 368 pp. 2024:10 (Oxford U. Pr., UK) <720-14>
ISBN 978-0-19-958625-7 hard ¥44,528.- (税込) GB£ 160.00

Hobbes's Elements of Law was written in 1640, on the eve of the English Civil War. It circulated in manuscript, and eleven manuscripts now survive. Two of them contain a substantial amount of material in Hobbes's own handwriting. Soon after writing it, Hobbes fled to France, while in England civil war broke out over many of the issues discussed by Hobbes in this book. In France he wrote a Latin version of his political theory (De Cive, on the Citizen), and then the English Leviathan, of which a Latin revision followed and in which he greatly expanded what he had to say about religion and church-state relations. The Elements of Law presents a complete but succinct version of Hobbes's political theory and of his more general philosophy. It analyzes the nature of knowledge and science, discusses psychology and human nature, surveys the rights and duties of individuals, and argues for the need of states to be governed by sovereign authority. It discusses the relationship between politics and religion, and the extent and limitations of political power. It is 'a work of extraordinary assurance, an almost fully fledged statement of Hobbes's entire political philosophy'. (Noel Malcolm) This edition is intended to replace the one edited by Ferdinand Toennies (1889), from which that of J.C.A. Gaskin (Oxford World's Classics, 1994) derives. It establishes a more accurate text based on all the eleven known manuscripts, and includes much material omitted by Toennies (who knew of only six manuscripts). It draws extensively on modern scholarship on Hobbes and his contexts.

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11

有江大介、大久保正健、矢嶋直規編 J.バトラー
Arie, Daisuke / Ohkubo, Masatake / Yajima, Naoki (eds.), Joseph Butler: A Preacher for Eighteenth-Century Commercial Society. 240 pp. 2024:6 (Springer, GW) <720-10>
ISBN 978-981-9999-02-6 hard ¥37,484.- (税込) EUR 159.99

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12

形成中のイギリス近代国際思想-ホッブズからベンサムまでの政治学と経済
Bourcier, Benjamin / Jakonen, Mikko (eds.), British Modern International Thought in the Making: Politics and Economy from Hobbes to Bentham. (International Political Theory) 314 pp. 2024:2 (Palgrave Macmillan, UK) <720-11>
ISBN 978-3-031-45712-8 hard ¥23,426.- (税込) EUR 99.99 *

This book articulates international political theory in dialogue with economics on several questions. It asks: how has modern international theory been adjusted and nourished by economic ideas, theories and practices? How far has the distinctive contribution of some theorists to international theory been informed by their views on economy? What has been the impact of the theory of the state for economic and international theory? What sort of economic thinking has led to revise the debates constitutive for the modern international realm? How have economic debates been rhetorically connected to political debates in the field of international relations?

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13

G.Raulet著 政治的啓蒙思想
Raulet, Gerard, Lumieres politiques. 431 p. 2024:1 (PUF, FR) <719-20>
ISBN 978-2-13-084279-8 paper ¥5,857.- (税込) EUR 25.00

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14

E.バーク
Carroll, Ross, Edmund Burke. (Classic Thinkers) 224 pp. 2024:5 (Polity Pr., UK) <718-24>
ISBN 978-1-5095-3864-5 hard ¥15,081.- (税込) US$ 69.95
ISBN 978-1-5095-3865-2 paper ¥5,379.- (税込) US$ 24.95

Few thinkers have provoked such violently opposing reactions as Edmund Burke. A giant of eighteenth-century political and intellectual life, Burke has been praised as a prophet who spied the terror latent in revolutionary or democratic ideologies, and condemned as defender of social hierarchy and outmoded political institutions. Ross Carroll tempers these judgments by situating Burke's arguments in relation to the political controversies of his day. Burke's writings must be understood as rhetorically brilliant exercises in political persuasion aimed less at defending abstract truths than at warning his contemporaries about the corrosive forces - ideological, social, and political - that threatened their society. Drawing on Burke's enormous corpus, Carroll presents a nuanced portrait of Burke as, above all, a diagnostician of political misrule, whether domestic, foreign, or imperial. Burke's lasting value, Carroll argues, derives less from the content of his specific positions than from the difficult questions he forces us to ask of ourselves. This engaging and illuminating account of Burke's work is a vital reference for students and scholars of history, philosophy, and political thought.

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15

J.C.D.クラーク著 啓蒙思想-思想とその歴史
Clark, J. C. D., The Enlightenment: An Idea and Its History. 544 pp. 2024:7 (Oxford U. Pr., UK) <718-25>
ISBN 978-0-19-891628-4 hard ¥9,740.- (税込) GB£ 35.00

Enlightenment studies are currently in a state of flux, with unresolved arguments among its adherents about its dates, its locations, and the contents of the 'movement'. This book cuts the Gordian knot. There are many books claiming to explain the Enlightenment, but most assume that it was a thing. J. C. D. Clark shows what it actually was, namely a historiographical concept. Currently 'the Enlightenment' is a term widely accepted across popular culture and in a variety of academic disciplines, notably history, philosophy, political theory, political science, literary studies, and theology; Clark calls for a fundamental reconsideration in each. The Enlightenment: An Idea and Its History provides a critical historical analysis of the Enlightenment in England, Scotland, France, Germany, and the United States from c. 1650 to the present. It argues that the degree of commonality between social and intellectual movements in each--and, more broadly, between the five societies--has been overstated for polemical purposes. Clark shows that the concept of 'the Enlightenment' was not widely adopted in those societies until the mid-twentieth century; indeed, that it was unknown in the eighteenth. Without the concept, people at the time were unable to act in ways that would have created the Enlightenment as a coherent movement. Since the conventional account has held that the Enlightenment was a phenomenon, the idea could be used as a component of what has been called a 'civil religion': a summing up of the myths of origin, aims, and essential values of a society from which dissent is not permitted. An appreciation that it was instead a historiographical concept undermines, in turn, the idea that there was any great transition to what came to be called 'modernity'.

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16

Keller, Vera, Curating the Enlightenment: Johann Daniel Major and the Experimental Century. 398 pp. 2024:7 (Cambridge U. Pr., UK) <718-26>
ISBN 978-1-00-950683-0 hard ¥27,830.- (税込) GB£ 100.00

How did the research universities of the Enlightenment come into being? And what debt to they owe to scholars of the previous era? Focusing on the career of German polymath Johann Daniel Major (1634-1693), Curating the Enlightenment uncovers how late seventeenth-century scholars crafted the research university as a haven for critical inquiry in defiance of political and economic pressures. Abandoning the surety of established intellectual practice, this 'experimental century' saw Major and his peers reshaping fragments of knowledge into new perspectives. Across new disciplines, from experimental philosophy to archaeology and museology, they re-examined what knowledge was, who it was for, and how it was to be stored, managed, accessed, judged, and transformed. Although later typecast as Baroque obstacles to be overcome by the Enlightenment, these academics arranged knowledge in dynamic infrastructures that encouraged its further advancement in later generations, including our own. This study examines these seventeenth-century practices as part of a continuous intellectual tradition, and reconceptualises our understanding of the Enlightenment.

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17

スコットランド啓蒙思想における宗教と人間性の科学
Mills, R. J. W., Religion and the Science of Human Nature in the Scottish Enlightenment. (Palgrave Pivot) 334 pp. 2024:3 (Palgrave Macmillan, UK) <718-27>
ISBN 978-3-031-49030-9 hard ¥25,769.- (税込) EUR 109.99 *

This book examines how enlightened Scottish social theorists c.1740 to c.1800 understood the origin and development of religion. Challenging scholarly disregard for the topic, it shows how most prominent thinkers of the Scottish Enlightenment thought deeply about the relationship between religion, human nature and historical change. The Scots viewed this relationship as an important strand within the study of the 'science of human nature' and the 'history of man.' The fruits of this investigation were a sophisticated and innovative account of religious change that is characterized by a striking modernity and naturalism, even by the more devout theorists. The views of the literati surveyed here need to be incorporated into our larger histories of the 'science of religion' as much as they do into our understanding of the social theory of the Scottish Enlightenment.

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18

ヒュームの身体とその帰結
Weintraub, Ruth, Humean Bodies and their Consequences. (Jerusalem Studies in Philosophy and History of Science) 186 pp. 2024:3 (Springer, GW) <718-28>
ISBN 978-3-031-50798-4 hard ¥23,426.- (税込) EUR 99.99 *

This book defends the very contentious Idealist interpretation of Hume on external objects, and draws from it far-reaching metaphysical and epistemological consequences for Hume's philosophy. Its interest is both interpretive and analytic. The content Hume ascribes to the belief in "bodies" is susceptible to more than one reading, and has not been systematically considered. Upholding the Idealistic interpretation is interesting in its own right, but also yields several important conclusions about the spatiality of objects, causation, Hume's "science of man" and his epistemology. For instance, it argues that the Idealist reading means that there are no cross-temporal spatial relationships, and that the (more prevalent) Materialist reading takes Hume further away from methodological empiricism than does the Idealist counterpart, and may render his practice less in conformity with his official methodology. The monograph is therefore of great interest to not only academics but also scholars, graduate students and researchers.

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19

Fox, Michael Allen, Fate and Life: Who's Really in Charge? 186 pp. 2024:5 (McGill-Queen's U. Pr., CN) <717-12>
ISBN 978-0-228-02043-1 paper ¥5,379.- (税込) US$ 24.95

Some believe that fate rules our lives, while others dismiss the idea outright. Fate remains central to many cultural outlooks, and in our age of conflict, climate change, and pandemic, it features conspicuously in debates about the future. A careful examination of this important idea - its background, many meanings, and significance for everyday life - is not only informative and intriguing but also timely.In Fate and Life Michael Fox confronts the idea of fate head on and demonstrates that how we interpret and apply this concept can make it work for rather than against us. Many discussions characterize fate negatively or as part of the occult, representing it as a supernatural force that stifles our freedom. Fateful ideas have also helped rationalize and promote the persecution of certain groups. But viewed more positively, fate can be understood as the given conditions of existence and the imponderable way certain unanticipated events momentously alter the path we follow over time. Thinking about fate teaches us about who we are, how we see the world, and our evaluation of the possibilities of life.Fate and Life provides a multicultural and global account of how we talk about the idea of fate, how we use and misuse it, and how it contrasts with notions like destiny and karma. Fox's original perspective - a breakthrough in philosophy and the history of ideas - shows that fate is supported by experience; it is compatible with our sense of agency and purpose; and it helps us make sense of our lives.

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20

国際関係におけるロックのリベラリズム
Grigorescu, Alexandru V. / Katz, Claudio J., Lockean Liberalism in International Relations. (Elements in International Relations) 75 pp. 2024:4 (Cambridge U. Pr., UK) <717-13>
ISBN 978-1-00-951700-3 hard ¥13,911.- (税込) GB£ 49.99 *
ISBN 978-1-00-951698-3 paper ¥4,731.- (税込) GB£ 17.00 *

This Element applies a new version of liberalism to international relations (IR), one that derives from the political theory of John Locke. It begins with a survey of liberal IR theories, showing that the main variants of this approach have all glossed over classical liberalism's core concern: fear of the state's concentrated power and the imperative of establishing institutions to restrain its inevitable abuse. The authors tease out from Locke's work its 'realist' elements: his emphasis on politics, power, and restraints on power (the 'Lockean tripod'). They then show how this Lockean approach (1) complements existing liberal approaches and answers some of the existing critiques directed toward them, (2) offers a broader analytical framework for several very different strands of IR literature, and (3) has broad theoretical and practical implications for international relations.

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21

Hobbes, Thomas, Leviathan. 2nd ed. Ed. by N. Malcolm. (Oxford World's Classics) 832 pp. 2024:9 (Oxford U. Pr., UK) <717-14>
ISBN 978-0-19-286874-9 paper ¥3,336.- (税込) GB£ 11.99

Thomas Hobbes's Leviathan is not just one of the greatest philosophical texts in the English language; it is one of the most important works in the history of Western political thought. Almost every major tradition in the centuries after Hobbes-from radical democracy to authoritarianism-has been influenced by its arguments. Written in exile during a period of dramatic developments-civil war and regicide-Leviathan is in some ways the product of its own special circumstances. And yet, at the same time, it deals with fundamental issues that matter to all of us today: the nature and purpose of the state, the relation between human nature and politics, the idea of natural rights, the justification of authority, the concept of representation, the nature of sovereignty, the limits of obedience, and the relationship between religious obligations and human ones. This new edition offers a definitive text drawn from more than twenty years of research by Noel Malcolm, including, in English translation, all the most significant revisions made in Hobbes's later Latin translation of Leviathan, as well as extensive explanatory notes that elucidate Hobbes's language and identify for readers the people and places of the Leviathan's seventeenth-century world.

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22

思想史と概念の変化の問題
Palti, Elias J., Intellectual History and the Problem of Conceptual Change. (The Seeley Lectures) 2024:6 (Cambridge U. Pr., UK) <716-18>
ISBN 978-1-00-946119-1 hard ¥22,264.- (税込) GB£ 80.00
ISBN 978-1-00-946121-4 paper ¥7,232.- (税込) GB£ 25.99

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23

啓蒙思想の宗教改革-ドイツにおける宗教と哲学 1750~1830年
Printy, Michael, Enlightenment's Reformation: Religion and Philosophy in Germany, 1750-1830. (Ideas in Context) 284 pp. 2024:6 (Cambridge U. Pr., UK) <716-19>
ISBN 978-1-00-949406-9 hard ¥23,655.- (税込) GB£ 85.00

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24

Saumarez Smith, Ferdinand, Eleusis and Enlightenment: The Problem of the Mysteries in Eighteenth-Century Thought. (Brill's Studies in Intellectual History 351) 268 pp. 2024:5 (Brill, NE) <716-20>
ISBN 978-90-04-54754-4 hard ¥25,070.- (税込) EUR 107.00

The age of Enlightenment - the so-called age of reason - was also, paradoxically, the age of the Eleusinian mysteries. By attempting to reveal Demeter's secret cult, British, French, and German thinkers and freemasons of the eighteenth century revealed more than they bargained for: the pagan origins of Christian doctrines such as the Trinity and the afterlife, and through the mythical gift of law and agriculture to Eleusis an alternative narrative of the origins of civilisation to that found in the Bible.

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Kadane, Matthew, The Enlightenment and Original Sin. (The Life of Ideas) 264 pp. 2024:5 (U. Chicago Pr., US) <716-16>
ISBN 978-0-226-83287-6 hard ¥24,794.- (税込) US$ 115.00
ISBN 978-0-226-83289-0 paper ¥6,252.- (税込) US$ 29.00

An eloquent microhistory that argues for the centrality of the doctrine of original sin to the Enlightenment. What was the Enlightenment? This question has been endlessly debated. In The Enlightenment and Original Sin, historian Matthew Kadane advances the bold claim that the Enlightenment is best defined through what it set out to accomplish, which was nothing short of rethinking the meaning of human nature. Kadane argues that this project centered around the doctrine of original sin and, ultimately, its rejection, signaling the radical notion that an inherently flawed nature can be overcome by human means. Kadane explores this and other wide-ranging themes through the story of a previously unknown figure, Pentecost Barker, an eighteenth-century purser and wine merchant. By examining Barker's personal diary and extensive correspondence with a Unitarian minister, Kadane tracks the transformation of Barker's consciousness from a Puritan to an Enlightenment outlook, revealing through one man's journey the large-scale shifts in self-understanding whose philosophical reverberations have shaped debates on human nature for centuries.

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Kraal, Anders, The Problem of God in David Hume. (Elements in the Problems of God) 62 pp. 2024:1 (Cambridge U. Pr., UK) <716-17>
ISBN 978-1-00-949446-5 hard ¥13,911.- (税込) GB£ 49.99
ISBN 978-1-00-927026-7 paper ¥4,731.- (税込) GB£ 17.00 *

David Hume (1711-1776) is one of the foremost critics of attempts to provide rational arguments in support of traditional Christian theism in Western philosophy. In this Element, the authors examine Hume's chief objections to the cosmological argument, the design argument, and the argument from miracles, along with some main responses to these objections. The authors also examine Hume's seminal version of the argument from evil, which is deployed in an effort to show that traditional Christian theism is lacking in coherent meaning. Drawing on recent developments in Hume scholarship according to which Hume's ultimate philosophical aim was to further an anti-Christian agenda, an attempt is made to situate Hume's writings on God and religion in an unfolding narrative that is impacted throughout by the trenchant religious criticisms of Hume's chief philosophical predecessor, Thomas Hobbes.

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27

啓蒙思想の欧州-1680~1820年
Cottret, Bernard / Cottret, Monique, L'Europe des lumieres: 1680-1820. 874 p. 2023:10 (Perrin, FR) <715-13>
ISBN 978-2-262-10529-7 paper ¥7,029.- (税込) EUR 30.00

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28

ヒュームの思想における意識、時間、懐疑主義
Falkenstein, Lorne, Consciousness, Time, and Scepticism in Hume's Thought. (Routledge Studies in Eighteenth-Century Philosophy) 384 pp. 2024:4 (Routledge, UK) <715-14>
ISBN 978-1-03-267783-5 hard ¥36,179.- (税込) GB£ 130.00 *

David Hume's philosophical work presents the reader with a perplexing mix of constructive accounts of empirically guided belief and destructive sceptical arguments against all belief. This book reconciles this conflict by showing that Hume intended his scepticism to be remedial. It immunizes us against the influence of "unphilosophical" causes of belief, determining us to proportion our beliefs to the evidence.In making this case, this book develops Humean positions on topics Hume did not discuss in detail but that are of interest to contemporary philosophers: consciousness and the unity of consciousness, temporal experience, visual spatial perception, the experience of colour and other qualia, objective experience, and spatially extended minds. It also challenges currently accepted interpretations of Hume's views on the finite divisibility of space and time, vacuum, the duration of unchanging objects, and identity over time. It deals with criticisms of Hume that were raised by his contemporaries, notably by Thomas Reid, draws attention to earlier seventeenth- and eighteenth-century work that has bearing on the interpretation of Hume's thought, and compares Hume's achievements with those of later nineteenth-century psychologists and philosophers.Consciousness, Time, and Scepticism in Hume's Thought will appeal to scholars and advanced students interested in Hume, history of philosophy, and early modern theories of perception, time, and consciousness.The Introduction and Chapter 1 of this book are freely available as downloadable Open Access PDFs at http://www.taylorfrancis.com under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license.

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29

ホッブズの『リヴァイアサン』における使命としての主権
Hoye, Matthew, Sovereignty as a Vocation in Hobbes's Leviathan: New foundations, Statecraft, and Virtue. 318 pp. 2023:12 (Amsterdam U. Pr., NE) <714-10>
ISBN 978-94-6372-809-6 hard ¥32,561.- (税込) GB£ 117.00 *

This book argues that the fundamental foundation of Hobbes's political philosophy in Leviathan is wise, generous, loving, sincere, just, and valiant-in sum, magnanimous-statecraft, whereby sovereigns aim to realize natural justice, manifest as eminent and other-regarding virtue. It proposes that concerns over the virtues of the natural person bearing the office of the sovereign suffuse Hobbes's political philosophy, defining both his theory of new foundations and his critiques of law and obligation. These aspects of Hobbes's thought are new to Leviathan, as they respond to limitations in his early works in political theory, Elements and De Cive-limitations made apparent by the civil wars and the regicide of Charles I. Though new, this book argues that they tap into ancient political and philosophical ideas, foremostly the variously celebrated, mystified, and maligned figure of the orator founder.

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30

Darveau-St-Pierre, Vincent (dir.), La certitude morale de Descartes a Hume. (Constitution de la modernite) 211 p. 2023:9 (Classiques Garnier, FR) <713-26>
ISBN 978-2-406-15455-6 hard ¥16,166.- (税込) EUR 69.00
ISBN 978-2-406-15454-9 paper ¥5,154.- (税込) EUR 22.00

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31

百科全書主義を翻訳する
Greilich, Susanne / Luesebrink, Hans-Juergen (ed.), Traduire l'encyclopedisme: Appropriations transnationales et pratiques de traduction de dictionaires encyclopediques au Siecle des Lumieres (1680-1800). (Saarbruecker Beitraege zur vergleichenden Literatur- und Kulturwissenschaft 95) 220 S. 2024:3 (Koenigshausen & Neumann, GW) <713-27>
ISBN 978-3-8260-7915-3 paper ¥8,903.- (税込) EUR 38.00

Le dictionnaire universel et specialise - genre phare des Lumieres - s’est repandu au cours du long XVIIIe siecle sous forme de traductions dans toute l’Europe et jusqu’en outre-mer. Ce sont les encyclopedies francaises qui furent le plus largement traduites et recues comme modeles generiques. Cependant, certaines des encyclopedies francaises les plus importantes n’auraient pas pu etre realisees sans des processus prealables de traduction et de transfert a partir d’autres langues, cultures et genres. Le present ouvrage, a travers treize contributions, examine ces constatations de plus pres. A travers quatre parties thematiques, le volume analyse les traductions d’encyclopedies dans leurs dimensions spatiales, reliant cette question a des perspectives politiques ; aux dimensions de traduction inherentes aux dictionnaires francais universels et specialises ; aux traductions dans le sens du transfert transnational d’idees et de concepts-cles, ainsi qu’au processus de traduction en rapport avec les caracteristiques de l’encyclopedisme et les pratiques de l’ecriture encyclopedique du XVIIIe siecle. Dans ce contexte, la traduction s’avere essentielle en tant que pratique cle de l’encyclopedisme eclaire, tout comme les reseaux transculturels et les filiations textuels qui en furent a la base.

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32

ダランベール
Schandeler, Jean-Pierre (dir.), D'Alembert: itineraires d'un savant du siecle. (Rencontres) 311 p. 2023:9 (Classiques Garnier, FR) <713-28>
ISBN 978-2-406-15086-2 hard ¥18,509.- (税込) EUR 79.00
ISBN 978-2-406-15085-5 paper ¥7,497.- (税込) EUR 32.00

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33

Schelkshorn, Hans, Rethinking European Modernity: Reason, Power, and Coloniality in Early Modern Thought. 512 pp. 2024:1 (Bloomsbury Academic, UK) <713-29>
ISBN 978-1-350-26677-3 hard ¥23,655.- (税込) GB£ 85.00

This open access book undertakes a self-critical reinterpretation of European modernity and responds to the need for a global understanding of the development of Western thought. Showcasing contemporary Latin American approaches that align modernity with colonialism, and European theories of modernity, Hans Schelkshorn reassesses the origins of modernity. He brings neglected Renaissance thinkers into the narrative, discussing the work of Nicholas of Cusa, Pico della Mirandola, Francisco de Vitoria, and Michel de Montaigne, and critiquing the views of Francis Bacon, Thomas Hobbes, and John Locke. Across a series of historical studies, Schelkshorn presents modernity as a complex process. His use of the concept 'de-limitations' (Entgrenzungen) shows how the new idea of an infinite universe and the discovery of the Americas deeply influenced the foundations of modern science, politics and economies in the 17th century. Making a major contribution to scholarship on early modern philosophy, Schelkshorn paves the way for a more cosmopolitan account of European thought. The ebook editions of this book are available open access under a CC BY 4.0 licence on bloomsburycollections.com. Open access was funded by Hans Schelkshorn/University of Vienna.

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34

Ding, Yun, Confucianism and Enlightenment: Contemporary Chinese Thought from the Perspective of Philosophical Understanding and Mergence. 230 pp. 2024:1 (Springer, GW) <712-31>
ISBN 978-981-9954-70-4 hard ¥25,769.- (税込) EUR 109.99

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35

Dejardin, Camille, John Stuart Mill & les conditions de la liberte. (Les precurseurs de la decroissance) 117 p. 2023:8 (le Passager clandestin, FR) <711-19>
ISBN 978-2-36935-318-8 paper ¥2,811.- (税込) EUR 12.00

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36

アイルランドにおけるT.ホッブズと政治思想 1660~1720年
Ward, Matthew, Thomas Hobbes and Political Thought in Ireland c.1660- c.1720: The Leviathan Released. (Oxford Historical Monographs) 336 pp. 2024:1 (Oxford U. Pr., UK) <711-20>
ISBN 978-0-19-890412-0 hard ¥25,047.- (税込) GB£ 90.00 *

Thomas Hobbes and Political Thought in Ireland, c.1660-1730 is a history of political thought in Ireland, told from the perspective of the reception in that country of Thomas Hobbes, the English philosopher. Unlike Hobbes, political thought in Ireland has received little attention from historians: it is sometimes assumed that there is not much of a subject to study. The reception of Hobbes in Ireland forces us to challenge this assumption. To begin with, Matthew Ward highlights the variety and sophistication of political thought in Ireland. In his political thought, Hobbes was preoccupied by sovereignty, which he conceptualized in terms of natural law and made the defining characteristic of the commonwealth, or the 'Leviathan'; but he applied his concept of sovereignty to a broad range of political issues. His political thought was also part of a wider philosophical system which comprehended history, theology, natural philosophy, and mathematics. They may have been fewer than their counterparts in England, but Hobbes's readers in Ireland read him closely and compulsively. Indeed, they often fixated on his treatment of subjects, such as taxation, corporations, and the organization of empire, that were overlooked by his readers in England. The reception of Hobbes in Ireland also tells, therefore, of the distinctiveness of Ireland as a context of political thought. Hobbes's readers in Ireland were not only concerned with a distinctive selection of subjects; they also received Hobbes more positively than his readers in England. In England, Hobbes's concept of sovereignty was reviled for emasculating Parliament, the Anglican Church, and the common law. Too compelling to ignore, the 'Leviathan' had to be 'tamed'. In Ireland, where these institutions were weaker, the 'Leviathan' could be released. The key figures in the reception of Hobbes in Ireland in this period- Sir William Petty, John Vesey, and Edward Synge- were of different generations and political contexts. All three, however, engaged with aspects and implications of Hobbes's concept of sovereignty, to which they more sympathetic than their English contemporaries, to intervene in Irish politics. They prompt us to consider the geography of the discourse of sovereignty in the British world, not only in those days, but also in these.

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37

ルソーの共和主義
Dyer, Megan K., Rousseau's Republicanism: The Hope of the Just. 236 pp. 2023:9 (Lexington Books, US) <710-13>
ISBN 978-1-66691-837-3 hard ¥21,560.- (税込) US$ 100.00 *

Reading Rousseau as a republican thinker might seem almost too obvious a proposition. All the same, the Genevan is often struck from accounts of modern republicanism given by those associated with the revival of republican thought. At the root of this omission is perhaps the greatest puzzle of Rousseau's republicanism is that it demands his readers untangle the omission. In bringing the republic's sovereign power into the Enlightenment, Rousseau pairs it both with the premise of natural liberty and equality and also with an account of man singularly unsuited to realizing the rightful consequences of this shared nature.Looking to both major works and lesser-known writings, this book demonstrates that, in the face of human finitude and the formidable demands of right, Rousseau crafts a robust yet judicious account of the republic. Through comparison with various republican lineages, its chapters explore Rousseau's engagement with leading moral and political problems that have defined and redefined republicanism: attaining virtue, preserving liberty, sustaining the social order, orienting persons toward the common good, and having the law rule over men. The goods of civil association are always precarious, yet Rousseau nonetheless recognizes in human community an answer to the great problems of his thought-those of inequality, unhappiness, and unfreedom.

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38

資本主義の道徳的基礎の探求-A.スミスからA.センまで
Stevens, Douglas E., In Search of a Moral Foundation for Capitalism: From Adam Smith to Amartya Sen. 225 pp. 2024:1 (Cambridge U. Pr., UK) <709-20>
ISBN 978-1-00-943439-3 hard ¥8,349.- (税込) GB£ 30.00 *

The search for a moral foundation for capitalism has a long history that continues to unfold, yet many are unaware of this search or its implications for the future of capitalism. The recent pandemic has uncovered cracks in the foundation of capitalism and raised doubts regarding its ability to meet the broader needs of society. In Search of a Moral Foundation for Capitalism explains the continuing demand for a moral foundation from the perspective of business leaders, business educators, and policymakers, and tells the story of the search for that moral foundation through its leading characters. By presenting the life stories and writings of these leading characters - from Adam Smith to Amartya Sen - this book reveals the rich moral critique provided by these great thinkers and explains how that rich critique was lost through the influence of the Chicago School and its emphasis on self-interest.

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39

A.スミスの古代人と近代人論
Vivenza, Gloria, Adam Smith on the Ancients and the Moderns. (Routledge Studies in the History of Economics) 288 pp. 2023:12 (Routledge, UK) <709-21>
ISBN 978-0-8153-6403-0 hard ¥36,179.- (税込) GB£ 130.00 *

The classics heavily influenced many aspects of European modern culture, yet it is not easy to trace their intellectual power on any author. In this volume, Gloria Vivenza takes on the impressive task of examining how philosophy, history, literature, politics, and ethics all played a part in shaping Adam Smith's thought as a scholar, philosopher, and economist.This book will be of interest to advanced students and researchers in the history of economic thought, the history of philosophy, moral philosophy, political theory, and the Enlightenment.

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40

A.スミスの価値・分配理論-道徳科学としての経済学再び
Young, Jeffrey T., Adam Smith's Theory of Value and Distribution: Economics as a Moral Science Once Again. (Routledge Studies in the History of Economics) 216 pp. 2023:12 (Routledge, UK) <709-22>
ISBN 978-1-03-237301-0 hard ¥37,570.- (税込) GB£ 135.00 *

Ever since the time of his early interpreters, beginning with David Hume, Adam Smith's theory of value has been the subject of confusion and misunderstanding-including a controversy which still rages over whether Smith held a labour theory of value, and, if so, whether he held to it throughout Wealth of Nations, or if it was confined to the "Early and Rude State"? This book provides a close reading of Smith's key text, and also incorporates material from the other parts of Smith's oeuvre, especially from The Theory of Moral Sentiments, to yield original and important insights into Smith's theory of value. The book operates on the assumption that Smith is proposing relatively simple ideas about price and takes a conventional view that simple Supply and Demand models can illuminate, clearly and consistently with his text, his theory of price. Combining these elements, the book argues that, contra Marx, Smith does not have a labour theory of value at all, understood as a theory of the determination of the relative price structure. Instead, Smith is placed squarely in the supply and demand, general equilibrium framework and the claim that he is part of a "surplus tradition", which receives its highest treatment in the work of Piero Sraffa, is refuted. This book will be of particular interest to Adam Smith specialists, historians of economic thought, and research economists who have an interest in Smith.

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41

Carmel, Elad, Anticlerical Legacies: The Deistic Reception of Thomas Hobbes, c. 1670-1740. (Politics, Culture and Society in Early Modern Britain) 248 pp. 2024:1 (Manchester U. Pr., UK) <708-28>
ISBN 978-1-5261-6882-5 hard ¥23,655.- (税込) GB£ 85.00 *

Anticlerical legacies is the first comprehensive study of the reception of Thomas Hobbes's ideas by the English deists and freethinkers in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries.One of the most important English philosophers of all time, Hobbes's theories have had an enduring impact on modern political and religious thought. This book offers a new perspective on the afterlife of Hobbes's philosophy, focusing on the readers who were most sympathetic to his critical and radical ideas in the decades following his death. It investigates how Hobbes's ideas shaped the English anticlerical campaign that peaked in the early eighteenth century and that was essential for the emergence of the early Enlightenment.The book shows that a large number of writers - Charles Blount, John Toland, Anthony Collins, Matthew Tindal, Thomas Morgan, and many others - were more Hobbesian than has ever been appreciated. Not only did they engage consistently with Hobbes's ideas, they even invoked his authority at a time when doing so was highly unpopular. Most fundamentally, they carried on Hobbes's war against the kingdom of darkness and used various Hobbesian weapons for their own war against priestcraft.Analysing the ways in which the deists and freethinkers developed their nuanced theories and conducted their heated dialogues with the orthodoxy, they emerge from this study as sophisticated and valuable theorists in their own right. The case of Hobbes and his successors demonstrates that anticlericalism was a key component of a much larger programme whose primary aim was to secure civil harmony, peace, and stability.

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42

A.リルティ著 啓蒙思想の今日性
Lilti, Antoine, Actualite des Lumieres: une histoire plurielle. (Lecons inaugurales du College de France) 63 p. 2023:6 (Fayard, FR) <708-29>
ISBN 978-2-213-72590-1 paper ¥2,811.- (税込) EUR 12.00 *

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43

モンテーニュからヒュームまでの哲学と懐疑主義-G.パガニーニ記念論集
McKenna, Antony / Mori, Gianluca (dir.), Philosophie et scepticisme de Montaigne a Hume: melanges en l'honneur de Gianni Paganini. (Libre-pensee et litterature clandestine) 594 p. 2023:6 (Champion, FR) <708-30>
ISBN 978-2-7453-5951-3 paper ¥18,744.- (税込) EUR 80.00 *

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44

ディドロとダランベールの百科全書、奴隷貿易、植民地奴隷制
Mesnard, Eric (ed.), L'Encyclopedie de Diderot et d'Alembert, les traites negrieres et l'esclavage colonial. (Naissance de l'economie politique) 378 p. 2023:6 (Slatkine, SZ) <708-31>
ISBN 978-2-05-102932-2 paper ¥19,483.- (税込) SFR 61.50 *

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45

Colman, John, Everyone Orthodox to Themselves: John Locke and His American Students on Religion and Liberal Society. (American Political Thought) 256 pp. 2023:7 (U. Pr. Kansas, US) <707-8>
ISBN 978-0-7006-3501-6 hard ¥7,535.- (税込) US$ 34.95 *

Religious liberty is one of the hallmarks of American democracy, but the principal architects of this liberty believed that it was only compatible with a certain form of Christianity-namely, a liberal, rational, Christianity. Conservative and postliberal champions of the freedom of religion often ignore this point, sometimes even arguing that orthodox Christianity was, or should be, at the root of democratic liberty.Everyone Orthodox to Themselves, John Colman's close study of the religious views and political theologies of John Locke, Benjamin Franklin, James Madison, and Thomas Jefferson, shows otherwise. Colman demonstrates that Locke and his three American students specifically took aim at the idea of orthodoxy, which they argued continuously tempted its believers to try to impose an artificial uniformity upon the religious diversity that naturally exists in society and thought it necessary to advance a more rational, non-dogmatic Christianity given the threat they saw religious orthodoxy posed to a free, liberal society.While recent arguments have endorsed the idea that there is a crisis of liberalism that can only be met by the revival of more orthodox forms of religious devotion, Colman argues that, according to some of the most prominent American Founders and their philosophic predecessors, such orthodoxy is incompatible with religious freedom and the right to free inquiry. Everyone Orthodox to Themselves demonstrates that only a non-dogmatic, rationalist Christianity could be made a friend rather than an adversary to the inalienable right of religious liberty.Colman's work reveals how the reform of Christianity, and with it the inculcation of a particular theological disposition, is necessary to secure religious liberty and the right of free inquiry. The book also establishes the importance of Locke's Reasonableness of Christianity for his larger argument for toleration.

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46

Parekh, Surya, Black Enlightenment. 216 pp. 2023:9 (Duke U. Pr., US) <707-9>
ISBN 978-1-4780-2026-4 hard ¥21,549.- (税込) US$ 99.95 *
ISBN 978-1-4780-2519-1 paper ¥5,594.- (税込) US$ 25.95 *

In Black Enlightenment Surya Parekh reimagines the Enlightenment from the position of the Black subject. Parekh examines the works of such Black writers as the free Jamaican Francis Williams (1697-1762), Afro-British thinker Ignatius Sancho (1729?-1780), and Afro-American poet Phillis Wheatley (1753?-1784), placing them alongside those of their white European contemporaries David Hume (1711-1776) and Immanuel Kant (1724-1804). By rethinking the Enlightenment and its canons, Parekh complicates common understandings of the Enlightenment wherein Black subjects could exist only in negation to white subjects. Black Enlightenment points to the anxiety of race in Hume, Kant, and others while showing the importance of Black Enlightenment thought. Parekh prompts us to consider the timeliness of reading Black Enlightenment authors who become "free" in a society hostile to that freedom.

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47

Billing, Andrew, Animal Rhetoric and Natural Science in Eighteenth-Century Liberal Political Writing: Political Zoologies of the French Enlightenment. (Routledge Studies in French and Francophone Literature) 312 pp. 2023:12 (Routledge, UK) <707-7>
ISBN 978-1-03-260572-2 hard ¥40,353.- (税込) GB£ 145.00 *

Our tendency to read French Enlightenment political writing from a narrow disciplinary perspective has obscured the hybrid character of political philosophy, rhetoric, and natural science in the period. As Michele Duchet and others have shown, French Enlightenment thinkers developed a philosophical anthropology to support new political norms and models. This book explores how five important eighteenth-century French political authors-Rousseau, Diderot, La Mettrie, Quesnay, and Retif de La Bretonne-also constructed a "political zoology" in their philosophical and literary writings informed by animal references drawn from Enlightenment natural history, science, and physiology. Drawing on theoretical work by Derrida, Latour, de Fontenay, and others, it shows how these five authors signed on to the old rhetorical tradition of animal comparisons in political philosophy, which they renewed via the findings and speculations of contemporary science. Engaging with recent scholarship on Enlightenment political thought, it also explores the links between their political zoologies and their family resemblance as "liberal" political thinkers.

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48

1800年以降の啓蒙思想の発明
Decultot, Elisabeth / Cronk, Nicholas (eds.), Inventions of Enlightenment Since 1800: Concepts of Lumieres, Enlightenment and Aufklaerung. (Oxford University Studies in the Enlightenment 2023:11) 320 pp. 2023:11 (Voltaire Foundation, UK) <706-18>
ISBN 978-1-80207-876-3 paper ¥20,872.- (税込) GB£ 75.00 *

Enlightenment values, including an emphasis on human rights and belief in rationalism and progress, aspire to be universals, yet at the same time they are concepts grounded in the eighteenth century. Since the French Revolution we have grappled with the concepts of Enlightenment, Lumiere, Aufklaerung, in an attempt to understand how these eighteenth-century concepts continue to shape and influence modern notions of liberal culture. This collection of essays approaches these important questions in a resolutely European and multi-lingual perspective. Ranging from Victor Cousin to Peter Gay, different chapters consider Tocqueville and the Hegelian school (Bruno Bauer, David Friedrich Strauss, Hermann Hettner), the intellectual currents in Europe around 1900 (Wilhelm Dilthey, Gustave Lanson), the thinkers of the Weimar Republic (Ernst Cassirer) and of the Frankfurt School (Max Horkheimer, Theodor W. Adorno), and the debates after the Second World War (Franco Venturi). While the principal focus is on writing in French, German and English, the book also treats the Russian- and Italian-speaking worlds. This important contribution to the history of ideas helps us to redefine the Enlightenment. These essays do not merely describe historical assessments of an eighteenth-century movement of ideas: they contribute to the ongoing debate about the very nature of the concept of Enlightenment.

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49

Girten, Kristin M., Sensitive Witnesses: Feminist Materialism in the British Enlightenment. 216 pp. 2024:2 (Stanford U. Pr., US) <706-19>
ISBN 978-1-5036-3303-2 hard ¥14,014.- (税込) US$ 65.00 *

Kristin M. Girten tells a new story of feminist knowledge-making in the Enlightenment era by exploring the British female philosophers who asserted their authority through the celebration of profoundly embodied observations, experiences, and experiments. This book explores the feminist materialist practice of sensitive witnessing, establishing an alternate history of the emergence of the scientific method in the eighteenth century. Francis Bacon and other male natural philosophers regularly downplayed the embodied nature of their observations. They presented themselves as modest witnesses, detached from their environment and entitled to the domination and exploitation of it. In contrast, the author-philosophers that Girten takes up asserted themselves as intimately entangled with matter-boldly embracing their perceived close association with the material world as women. Girten shows how Lucy Hutchinson, Margaret Cavendish, Aphra Behn, Eliza Haywood, and Charlotte Smith took inspiration from materialist principles to challenge widely accepted "modest" conventions for practicing and communicating philosophy. Forerunners of the feminist materialism of today, these thinkers recognized the kinship of human and nonhuman nature and suggested a more accessible, inclusive version of science. Girten persuasively argues that our understanding of Enlightenment thought must take into account these sensitive witnesses' visions of an alternative scientific method informed by profound closeness with the natural world.

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50

Sciuto, Ruggero, Determinism and Enlightenment: The Collaboration of Diderot and d'Holbach. (Oxford University Studies in the Enlightenment 2023:04) 336 pp. 2023:4 (Liverpool U. Pr., UK) <706-20>
ISBN 978-1-80207-767-4 paper ¥20,872.- (税込) GB£ 75.00 *

This book examines Diderot's and d'Holbach's views on determinism to illuminate some of the most important debates taking place in eighteenth-century Europe. Insisting on aspects of Diderot's and d'Holbach's thought that, to date, have been given scant, if any, scholarly attention, it proposes to restore both thinkers to their rightful position in the history of philosophy. The book problematises Diderot's and d'Holbach's atheism by showing their philosophy to be deeply rooted in the Christian tradition and offers a more nuanced and historicised interpretation of the so-called "Radical Enlightenment", challenging the notions that this movement can be taken to be a perfectly coherent set of ideas and that it represents a complete break with "the old". By examining Diderot's and d'Holbach's works in tandem and without post-romantic assumptions about originality and single authorship, it argues that the two philosophers' texts should be taken as the product of a fascinating collaborative form of philosophical enquiry that perfectly reflects the sociable nature of intellectual production during the Enlightenment. The book further proposes a fresh interpretation of such crucial texts as the Systeme de la nature and Jacques le fataliste et son maitre and unveils a key web of concepts that will help researchers to better understand Enlightenment philosophy and literature as a whole.

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