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労働史・労働運動史・社会主義史

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1

Trousson, Raymond / Vercruysse, Jeroom (dir.), Dictionnaire general de Voltaire. (Champion classiques, references et dictionnaires 18) 1272 p. 2020:10 (Champion, FR) <670-9>
ISBN 978-2-38096-016-7 paper ¥7,064.- (税込) EUR 38.00

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1

Chanin, Jesse, Building Power, Breaking Power: The United Teachers of New Orleans, 1965-2008. 336 pp. 2024:4 (U. North Carolina Pr., US) <722-248>
ISBN 978-1-4696-7821-4 hard ¥21,344.- (税込) US$ 99.00
ISBN 978-1-4696-7822-1 paper ¥7,103.- (税込) US$ 32.95

From 1965 to 2005, the United Teachers of New Orleans (UTNO) defied the South's conservative anti-union efforts to become the largest local in Louisiana. Jesse Chanin argues that UTNO accomplished and maintained its strength through strong community support, addressing a Black middle-class political agenda, internal democracy, and drawing on the legacy and tactics of the civil rights movement by combining struggles for racial and economic justice, all under Black leadership and with a majority women and Black membership. However, the devastating effects of Hurricane Katrina provided the state government and local charter school advocates with the opportunity to remake the school system and dismantle the union. Authorities fired 7,500 educators, marking the largest dismissal of Black teaching staff since Brown v. Board of Education.Chanin highlights the significant staying power and political, social, and community impact of UTNO, as well as the damaging effects of the charter school movement on educators.

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2

Popova, Zhanna, Coerced Labour, Forced Displacement, and the Soviet Gulag, 1880s-1930s. (Social History of Punishment and Labour Coercion) 252 pp. 2024:5 (Amsterdam U. Pr., NE) <722-1296>
ISBN 978-90-485-6035-6 hard ¥29,778.- (税込) GB£ 107.00

The Gulag remains one of the key symbols of twentieth-century mass political violence. Thanks to recent archive-based investigations, we now understand the scope of the system, variations between different camp complexes, and modalities of the use of forced labour of convicts. At the same time, the work of historicizing the Gulag and systematically evaluating its position within the global history of repression is still to be done. Exploring the emergence of this vast Soviet system of concentration camps in long-term perspective, this book aims to inscribe this process within global histories of coerced labour, forced displacement, and punishment. It highlights the inextricable interconnection of coerced labour and forced displacement as tools of punishment in the multitude of their historical forms.

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Lause, Mark A., Counterfeiting Labor's Voice: William A. A. Carsey and the Shaping of American Reform Politics. (Working Class in American History) 208 pp. 2024:4 (U. Illinois Pr., US) <721-1103>
ISBN 978-0-252-04578-3 hard ¥23,716.- (税込) US$ 110.00
ISBN 978-0-252-08789-9 paper ¥6,036.- (税込) US$ 28.00

Confidence man and canny operative, charlatan and manipulator--William A. A. Carsey emerged from the shadow of Tammany Hall to build a career undermining working-class political organizations on behalf of the Democratic Party. Mark A. Lause's biography of Carsey takes readers inside the bare-knuckle era of Gilded Age politics. An astroturfing trailblazer and master of dirty tricks, Carsey fit perfectly into a Democratic Party that based much of its post-Civil War revival on shattering third parties and gathering up the pieces. Lause provides an in-depth look at Carsey's tactics and successes against the backdrop of enormous changes in political life. As Carsey used a carefully crafted public persona to burrow into unsuspecting organizations, the forces he represented worked to create a political system that turned voters into disengaged civic consumers and cemented America's ever-fractious two-party system.

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4

D.モントゴメリー読本-資本主義と労働者の抵抗に関する論考
Montgomery, David, A David Montgomery Reader: Essays on Capitalism and Worker Resistance. Ed. by S. Stromquist. (Working Class in American History) 464 pp. 2024:7 (U. Illinois Pr., US) <721-1104>
ISBN 978-0-252-04590-5 hard ¥26,950.- (税込) US$ 125.00
ISBN 978-0-252-08800-1 paper ¥7,546.- (税込) US$ 35.00

A foundational figure in modern labor history, David Montgomery both redefined and reoriented the field. This collection of Montgomery's most important published and unpublished articles and essays draws from the historian's entire five-decade career. Taken together, the writings trace the development of Montgomery's distinct voice and approach while providing a crucial window into an era that changed the ways scholars and the public understood working people's place in American history. Three overarching themes and methods emerge from these essays: that class provided a rich reservoir of ideas and strategies for workers to build movements aimed at claiming their democratic rights; that capital endured with the power to manage the contours of economic life and the capacities of the state but that workers repeatedly and creatively mounted challenges to the terms of life and work dictated by capital; and that Montgomery's method grounded his gritty empiricism and the conceptual richness of his analysis in the intimate social relations of production and of community, neighborhood, and family life.

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5

Greene, Douglas, The New Reformism and the Revival of Karl Kautsky: The Renegade's Revenge. (Marx and Marxisms) 248 pp. 2024:6 (Routledge, UK) <719-93>
ISBN 978-1-03-275878-7 hard ¥36,179.- (税込) GB£ 130.00

This text offers an authoritative historiography of German socialist theorist Karl Kautsky and the Russian Revolution. Known as the "Pope of Marxism", Douglas Greene examines the totality of Kautsky's political career and dissects the fundamental opportunism and passive radicalism that defined his Marxism. He later examines the most substantive Marxist critics of Kautsky, namely Rosa Luxemburg, V. I. Lenin, and Leon Trotsky while offering a critical assessment of the work produced by scholars and activists, Lars Lih, Eric Blanc, and Mike Mcnair, seeking to revive Kautsky. The New Reformism and the Revival of Karl Kautsky is an important addition to scholarship on the subject, and a valuable resource for those interested in the Russian Revolution, German politics, socialism, Marxism, and contemporary left-wing debates.

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Pyun, Kyunghee / Quan, Vincent G. (eds.), Teaching Labor History in Art and Design: Capitalism and the Creative Industries. (Routledge Studies in Education, Neoliberalism, and Marxism) 256 pp. 2024:6 (Routledge, UK) <719-1310>
ISBN 978-1-03-237204-4 hard ¥36,179.- (税込) GB£ 130.00

Drawing from American history, fashion design, history of luxury, visual culture, museum studies, and women's history, among others, this book explores the challenges, rewards and benefits of teaching business and the labor history of art and design professions to those in higher education.Recognizing that artists and designers are no longer just creatives, but bosses, employees, members of professional associations, and citizens of nations that encourage and restrain their creative work in various ways, the book identifies a crucial need for art and design students to be taught the intricacies of these other roles, as well as how to navigate or challenge them. This empirically driven study features case studies in various pedagogical contexts, including museum exhibitions, group projects, lesson plans, discussion topics, and long-term assignments. The chapters also explore how the roles of designing and making became separated, how new technologies and the rise of mass production affected creative careers, the shifts back and forth between direct employment and freelancing, and the evolution of government interventions in creative fields.With a diverse and experienced range of contributors, and providing a unique set of conceptual tools to interpret, cope with, and react to the ever-changing conditions of capitalism, this volume will appeal to educators and researchers across education, history, art history and sociology, with interests in experiential learning, capitalism, equity, social justice and neoliberalism.

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Browne, Randy M., The Driver's Story: Labor and Power in the World of Atlantic Slavery. (Early American Studies) 224 pp. 2024:5 (U. Pennsylvania Pr., US) <719-1397>
ISBN 978-1-5128-2586-2 hard ¥8,613.- (税込) US$ 39.95

The story of the driver is the story of Atlantic slavery. Starting in the seventeenth-century Caribbean, enslavers developed the driving system to solve their fundamental problem: how to extract labor from captive workers who had every reason to resist. In this system, enslaved Black drivers were tasked with supervising and punishing other enslaved laborers. In The Driver's Story, Randy M. Browne illuminates the predicament and harrowing struggles of these men-and sometimes women-at the heart of the plantation world. What, Browne asks, did it mean to be trapped between the insatiable labor demands of white plantation authorities and the constant resistance of one's fellow enslaved laborers? In this insightful and unsettling account of slavery and racial capitalism, Browne shows that on plantations across the Americas, drivers were at the center of enslaved people's working lives, social relationships, and struggles against slavery. Drivers enforced labor discipline and confronted the resistance of their fellow enslaved laborers, aiming to maintain a position that helped them survive in a world where enslaved people were treated as disposable. Drivers also protected the people they supervised, negotiating workloads and customary rights to essentials like food and rest with white authorities. Within the slave community, drivers helped other enslaved people create a sense of belonging, as husbands and fathers, as Big Men, and as leaders of diasporic African "nations." Sometimes, drivers even organized rebellions, sabotaging the very system they were appointed to support. Compelling and original, The Driver's Story enriches our understanding of the never-ending war between enslavers and enslaved laborers by focusing on its front line. It also brings us face-to-face with the horror of capitalist labor exploitation.

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8

労働者階級と反奴隷制 1790~1860年
Griffin, Sean, The Root and the Branch: Working-Class Reform and Antislavery, 1790-1860. (America in the Nineteenth Century) 304 pp. 2024:6 (U. Pennsylvania Pr., US) <719-1179>
ISBN 978-1-5128-2592-3 hard ¥10,769.- (税込) US$ 49.95

The Root and the Branch examines the relationship between the early labor movement and the crusade to abolish slavery between the early national period and the Civil War. Tracing the parallel rise of antislavery movements with working-class demands for economic equality, access to the soil, and the right to the fruits of labor, Sean Griffin shows how labor reformers and radicals contributed to the antislavery project, from the development of free labor ideology to the Republican Party's adoption of working-class land reform in the Homestead Act. By pioneering an antislavery politics based on an appeal to the self-interest of ordinary voters and promoting a radical vision of "free soil" and "free labor" that challenged liberal understandings of property rights and freedom of contract, labor reformers helped to birth a mass politics of antislavery that hastened the conflict with the Slave Power, while pointing the way toward future struggles over the meaning of free labor in the post-Emancipation United States. Bridging the gap between the histories of abolitionism, capitalism and slavery, and the origins of the Civil War, The Root and the Branch recovers a long-overlooked story of cooperation and coalition-building between labor reformers and abolitionists and unearths new evidence about the contributions of artisan reformers, transatlantic radicals, free Black activists, and ordinary working men and women to the development of antislavery politics. Based on painstaking archival research, The Root and the Branch addresses timely questions surrounding the relationships between slavery, antislavery, race, labor, and capitalism in the early United States.

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Busteed, Mervyn, The Sash on the Mersey: The Orange Order in Liverpool (1819-1982). 272 pp. 2023:11 (Liverpool U. Pr., UK) <717-1216>
ISBN 978-1-83764-508-4 hard ¥30,613.- (税込) GB£ 110.00

The book examines how an organisation originating in late eighteenth-century Ireland became a significant and controversial element in Liverpool history. Using a wide range of sources including rarely accessed Orange Order records it places the Order within an early nineteenth-century Liverpool context of apocalyptic evangelical Protestantism, a labour market dominated by irregular dock work, a growing influx of immigrant Catholic Irish, marked residential segregation and sporadic civil conflict. It explores how the Order survived official disapproval, dissolution and schism to become deeply rooted within Protestant working-class communities. It analyses the attractions of lodge life, the appeal of ritual, colourful regalia and 12th July processions, the intense social bonding within lodges, the mutual support provided in adversity and measure taken to guard and transmit their world view. The intense royalism and patriotism of the Order and its troubled relationship with the Church of England are examined plus its role in sustaining the working class Tory vote which contributed to a century long Conservative hegemony in city politics. The book concludes with the cultural and socio-economic changes in British society which marginalised the core concerns of the Order, triggering decline in strength, visibility and significance in civic life.

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10

Goller, Peter, "… wegen der geringsten Vergehen gegen das Koalitionsrecht!": Streik- und Arbeiterkoalitionsrecht in Oesterreich 1867-1914. Aus Texten von Leo Verkauf und Isidor Ingwer. (Studien zu Geschichte und Politik 28) 168 S. 2023 (Studien Vlg., AU) <717-1217>
ISBN 978-3-7065-6286-7 hard ¥5,130.- (税込) EUR 21.90

1870 hat die oesterreichische Arbeiterklasse das Koalitionsrecht errungen. Sozialdemokratische Arbeitsrechtler wie Isidor Ingwer oder der SP-Reichsratsabgeordnete Leo Verkauf haben in den Jahren vor 1914 vor dem Hintergrund radikaler, oft mit militaerischer Gewalt unterdrueckter Arbeitskaempfe (z. B. die toten boehmisch-maehrischen Bergarbeiter 1894, Wiener Ziegelarbeiterstreik 1895, Bergarbeiterstreik 1900, die Toten des Generalstreiks von Triest 1902 oder die Toten des Lemberger Maurer- und Zimmererausstandes 1902) beschrieben, wie das Streikrecht vom habsburgischen Behoerdenapparat bis zur offenen Repression eingeschraenkt wurde. Viele Arbeiter und Arbeiterinnen wurden wegen kleiner Verstoesse gegen das Koalitionsgesetz belangt. Die Erpressungsnormen des Strafrechts wurden gegen Ausstaendische mobilisiert. Nach dem Vereins- und Versammlungsrecht wurden Arbeitervereine verboten, Streikversammlungen aufgeloest. Mit dem ?Pruegelpatent“ von 1854 wurde gegen Streikposten vorgegangen. Unzaehlige Arbeiter wurden nach der ?Kontraktbruchregelung“ der Gewerbeordnung sanktioniert. Mit Hilfe der ?Vagabundengesetzgebung“ wurden Streikende abgeschoben und ?abgeschafft“. Es soll an Isidor Ingwer erinnert werden, der ? wie Forschungen der Wiener Rechtshistorikerin Ilse Reiter-Zatloukal ergeben haben ? schon 1893 wegen des Ausrufs ?Es lebe die rothe revolutionaere Socialdemokratie!“ ? abgeurteilt und als ?aeusserst gefaehrlicher Agitator“ aus Maehren ?abgeschafft“ wurde, und der am 19. August 1942 knapp nach seiner Deportation im KZ Theresienstadt verstorben ist.

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Hedeler, Wladislaw (Hrsg.), Wladimir Iljitsch Lenin oder: Revolution gegen das Kapital. 2., erw. u. aktl. Aulf. 160 S. 2024:1 (Dietz, GW) <716-1964>
ISBN 978-3-320-02415-4 paper ¥2,811.- (税込) EUR 12.00

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Jaures, Jean, Guerre a la guerre!: 1912-1914. (Oeuvres de Jean Jaures 15) 668 p. 2023:11 (Fayard, FR) <716-1965>
ISBN 978-2-213-72657-1 paper ¥8,200.- (税込) EUR 35.00

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第三帝国における労働者の抵抗
Schneider, Ulrich, Arbeiterwiderstand im Dritten Reich. (Basiswissen Politik / Geschichte / Oekonomie) 130 S. 2024:3 (PapyRossa, GW) <716-1967>
ISBN 978-3-89438-828-7 paper ¥2,811.- (税込) EUR 12.00

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D.ロズールド著 共産主義-歴史、遺産、将来
Losurdo, Domenico, Der Kommunismus: Geschichte, Erbe und Zukunft. 240 S. 2023:10 (PapyRossa, GW) <716-1130>
ISBN 978-3-89438-815-7 paper ¥5,154.- (税込) EUR 22.00

Nach dem Ende des ?sozialistischen Lagers? und der Aufloesung der UdSSR gerieten der Marxismus und die kommunistische Bewegung wie die Linke insgesamt, insbesondere im Westen, in eine Krise, die als unumkehrbar erscheint. Diese Krise ist aber kein auswegloses Schicksal. Um einen Weg zu finden, sie zu ueberwinden, formulierte Domenico Losurdo in diesem Buch, seinem letzten, jenseits aller apologetischen Absichten eine historisch-philosophische Bewertung der sowjetischen Erfahrung und des Marxismus ueberhaupt. Ist der ?reale Sozialismus? ergebnislos gescheitert? Ist die marxsche Theorie damit hinfaellig? Losurdo geht aber noch einen Schritt weiter und befragt den Marxismus, was er in absehbarer Zukunft zu leisten imstande sein kann. Damit ist dieses Buch zugleich auch ein persoenliches Erbe und Vermaechtnis -Domenico Losurdos als eines fuehrenden politischen Philosophen der Gegenwart. Eingeleitet und herausgegeben wird es von Giorgio Grimaldi, einem seiner Schueler, der als Privatdozent an der Universitaet von Urbino taetig ist, an der auch Losurdo selbst lange Zeit als Dekan der philosophischen Fakultaet gelehrt hat.

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Connolly, Jonathan, Worthy of Freedom: Indenture and Free Labor in the Era of Emancipation. 272 pp. 2024:6 (U. Chicago Pr., US) <716-1316>
ISBN 978-0-226-83362-0 hard ¥24,794.- (税込) US$ 115.00
ISBN 978-0-226-83364-4 paper ¥7,007.- (税込) US$ 32.50

A study of Indian indentured labor in Mauritius, British Guiana, and Trinidad that explores the history of indenture's normalization. In this book, historian Jonathan Connolly traces the normalization of indenture from its controversial beginnings to its widespread adoption across the British Empire during the nineteenth century. Initially viewed as a covert revival of slavery, indenture caused a scandal in Britain and India. But over time, economic conflict in the colonies altered public perceptions of indenture, now increasingly viewed as a legitimate form of free labor and a means of preserving the promise of abolition. Connolly explains how the large-scale, state-sponsored migration of Indian subjects to work on sugar plantations across Mauritius, British Guiana, and Trinidad transformed both the notion of post-slavery free labor and the political economy of emancipation. Excavating legal and public debates and tracing practical applications of the law, Connolly carefully reconstructs how the categories of free and unfree labor were made and remade to suit the interests of capital and empire, showing that emancipation was not simply a triumphal event but, rather, a deeply contested process. In so doing, he advances an original interpretation of how indenture changed the meaning of "freedom" in a post-abolition world.

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Zhou, Shuxuan, From Forest Farm to Sawmill: Stories of Labor, Gender, and the Chinese State. 184 pp. 2024:5 (U. Washington Pr., US) <716-1354>
ISBN 978-0-295-75266-2 hard ¥22,638.- (税込) US$ 105.00
ISBN 978-0-295-75267-9 paper ¥6,899.- (税込) US$ 32.00

Socialist China's state forestry and timber industries employed men as state workers and women as family dependents and collective workers who, beginning in the 1950s, turned rural land into urban-industrial space. These features make forestry a unique case with which to investigate how state policies constructed and reinforced intertwined and co-constitutive dualisms between humanity and nature, urban and rural places, production and reproduction, and male and female labor. Centering on oral histories in Fujian, Shuxuan Zhou situates firsthand accounts of labor and resistance in forestry and wood processing within the larger context of postrevolutionary socialist reforms through China's rapid economic development after the 1990s. Zhou shows how, in response to state development projects that exploited female labor, immigrants, rurality, and forests, workers created a space for their personal and political demands. In considering how sawmill and forest farmworkers creatively reconfigured state projects and challenged authority, this book opens a conversation among the fields of gender studies, labor studies, and environmental studies.

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Sinha, Abhinav, In the Valley of Historical Time: Towards the History of the Working Class Movement in Delhi. (Studies in Political Economy of Global Labor and Work 4) 438 pp. 2024:5 (Brill, NE) <716-1381>
ISBN 978-90-04-69348-7 hard ¥35,379.- (税込) EUR 151.00

The descent of working class movements that began with neoliberal globalization is nearing completion. However, the ascent is yet to begin. This period is witnessing novel forms of organization and resistance. For students, activists and academics, it is imperative to understand changes in the modus operandi of capital since the 1970s to explain the crisis of conventional trade unionism, as well as the spontaneous outbursts of creativity in movements of informal workers in recent times. Delhi has been a centre of such innovative experiments. In the Valley of Historical Time attempts to understand these new forms and strategies and possibilities of resurgence of working class movements.

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Frobert, Ludovic, Quelques lignes d'utopie: Pierre Leroux et la communaute des imprimeux (Boussac, 1844-1848). (Memoires sociales) 234 p. 2023:11 (Agone, FR) <716-1091>
ISBN 978-2-7489-0535-9 paper ¥4,217.- (税込) EUR 18.00 *

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Roesser, Michael, Prisms of Work: Labour, Recruitment and Command in German East Africa. (Work in Global and Historical Perspective 21) 428 pp. 2023:12 (de Gruyter Oldenbourg, GW) <715-941>
ISBN 978-3-11-120462-8 hard ¥11,702.- (税込) EUR 49.95 *

The phenomenon of labour takes the character of a prism. Labour is thereby always context dependent and constituted through the actions of all protagonists involved in any labour relationship. On the basis of three case studies in colonial German East Africa ? the construction of the Central Railway (1905?1916), the Otto Plantation in Kilossa (1907?1916) and the palaeontological Tendaguru Expedition (1909?1911) ? labour and labour relations are analysed. The focus lies on hitherto neglected actors and groups of actors of labour in the colonial context of East Africa. These were especially German companies and their staff, white subaltern railway sub-contractors and labour recruiters, Indian skilled workers and (qualified) East African workers. Furthermore, all three sites of labour proved to have their individual logics and characteristics. But all of them were in tension between the ‘global’ and the ‘local’, coercion and voluntariness, machine and manual labour, skilled and unskilled labour, reproductive and wage labour, as well as between black and white.

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20

李大釗-中国の最初の共産主義者
Shan, Patrick Fuliang, Li Dazhao: China's First Communist. (SUNY Series in Chinese Philosophy and Culture) 304 pp. 2024:3 (State U. New York Pr., US) <715-853>
ISBN 978-1-4384-9681-8 hard ¥21,344.- (税込) US$ 99.00 *

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労働組合とイギリス労使関係の危機-H.クレッグの知的伝記
Ackers, Peter, Trade Unions and the British Industrial Relations Crisis: An Intellectual Biography of Hugh Clegg. (Routledge Research in Employment Relations) 264 pp. 2024:4 (Routledge, UK) <715-245>
ISBN 978-1-03-242290-9 hard ¥36,179.- (税込) GB£ 130.00

Hugh Clegg was a founding figure of post-war British Industrial Relations, the forerunner of Employment Relations and Human Resource Management, as taught in most Business Schools today. He defined 'industrial democracy' as collective bargaining with trade unions, laid the foundations for the pluralist approach to Industrial Relations, was a key figure in the post-war social sciences and a major public policy player. More widely, he was an important figure in the Cold War social democratic academic left, who broke with his earlier Communism to champion free trade unions in a liberal democratic society. He also produced the major Oxford University Press trade union history. This book aims to understand the politics and industrial relations of the post-war period in Britain (in which trade unions were central) through the life of a key public intellectual. It will help readers understand the political and social science roots of contemporary Employment Relations and Human Resource Management through a deep historical study of Clegg's life and times, in the context of his post-war social democratic generation. It illustrates how the failures of post-war industrial relations led to Thatcherism. Current Employment Relations academics and public policy can learn much from this history, making it of value to researchers, students, and academics in the fields of Human Resource Management and business and management history.

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Struempell, Christian / Hoffmann, Michael (eds.), Industrial Labour in an Unequal World: Ethnographic Perspectives on Uneven and Combined Development. (Work in Global and Historical Perspective 20) 270 pp. 2023:11 (de Gruyter Oldenbourg, GW) <715-250>
ISBN 978-3-11-130426-7 hard ¥11,702.- (税込) EUR 49.95 *

The volume scrutinizes the fundamentally uneven character of industrial production and working class formation by bringing together anthropologists specializing on industrial labour in various locations from South America, Western and Eastern Europe, North Africa, and South Asia. Through their engagement with Leon Trotsky’s concept of ‘uneven and combined development’ the authors unravel the complex relations that connect (and disconnect) labour in their sites of research with workers in other places and other times. As the contributions likewise reveal, the unevenness and combination inherent in industrial developments shape and are at the same time also shaped by the different politics workers in an unequal world pursue, as well as the historical experiences and future expectations of workers that inform these. With the attention the authors pay to the specificities of ethnographic detail as well as to broader regional and global developments the volume demonstrates the value of long-term ethnographic research and is of interest to a wide audience ranging from specialists in the fields of anthropology, history, sociology and development studies to students and activists.

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van der Linden, Marcel / Maier-Ahuja, Nicole (eds.), Power At Work: A Global Perspective on Control and Resistance. (Work in Global and Historical Perspective 16) 360 pp. 2023:6 (de Gruyter, GW) <715-251>
ISBN 978-3-11-108235-6 hard ¥5,845.- (税込) EUR 24.95 *

Between working men and women (which may include “free” wage earners, chattel slaves, indentured labourers, sharecroppers, domestic servants, and many others) and those employing them, there has always been a constant ? mostly silent but sometimes overt ? struggle concerning employers’ discretionary power and over the interpretation of formal and informal rules. There is a constantly shifting frontier of control, that is, an ongoing struggle for control in the workplace, with managers and supervisors trying to increase their power over their subordinates, and their subordinates, in reaction, trying to maintain and increase their relative autonomy. The detailed case studies in this volume span three centuries and cover different parts of the world. Still, they speak to each other in many ways, highlighting the fact that power at work, whether on the shopfloor or beyond, results from a wide range of complex interrelations. Between technological innovations and the ways in which they are actually implemented. Between the division of labour at the site of production or service provision and changing standards of social segmentation beyond the premises of the company, which can be reinforced ? or weakened ? by management strategies of utilizing labour power as well as workers’ reaction to these strategies. And finally, between politics in production, which shape the relations between capital and labour on the shopfloor, and state politics of production, which cannot be understood without reference to broader developments in economy and society.

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Rienks, Manuela, Ausverkauft: Arbeitswelten von Verkaeuferinnen in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland 1950-1999. (Quellen und Darstellungen zur Zeitgeschichte 143) 608 S. 2024:2 (de Gruyter Oldenbourg, GW) <715-1300>
ISBN 978-3-11-114135-0 hard ¥19,903.- (税込) EUR 84.95

Von Tante Emma zur Schlecker-Frau und schliesslich zur Computer-Kasse im menschenleeren Supermarkt des 21. Jahrhunderts ? diese Entwicklungen im Einzelhandel seit den 1950er Jahren zeichnet ?Ausverkauft" empirisch dicht, mit hohem Detailgrad und mit neuartigem methodischen Zugriff nach. Durch den praxeologischen Zugang auf raum-zeitliche Phaenomene wie Selbstbedienung, Computerisierung der Kassen, Rationalisierung, Teilzeitarbeit und Ladenschluss gelingt es, das komplexe Bild der geschlechtsspezifischen Arbeitszusammenhaenge und Hierarchien im Einzelhandel zu erklaeren. Die Verkaeuferinnen spielen in dieser Geschichte die Hauptrolle: Sie dienen als weibliche Arbeitskraefte allen ausser sich selbst: ; den Kundinnen und Kunden im Laden unter hohem Zeitdruck, und den Unternehmen, fuer die sie arbeiten und die sie tagtaeglich repraesentieren; und ihren Familien mit ihrem Zuverdienst und ihrer Care-Arbeit. Individuelle Beispiele von jungen Filialleiterinnen und altehrwuerdigen Kassiererinnen koennen die geschlechtsspezifische Diskriminierung im Einzelhandel, und der gesamten Dienstleistungsbranche, nicht aufwiegen. Und so zeigt diese Studie, wie die Arbeitswelt des 20. Jahrhunderts die geschlechtsspezifische Ungleichheit in der Gesellschaft stets aufs Neue hervorbrachte und verfestigte.

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Ehmer, Josef / Lentz, Carola (eds.), Life Course, Work, and Labour in Global History. (Work in Global and Historical Perspective 18) 450 pp. 2023:9 (de Gruyter Oldenbourg, GW) <715-1470>
ISBN 978-3-11-114590-7 hard ¥5,845.- (税込) EUR 24.95 *

This multidisciplinary volume offers unique perspectives, across the globe and throughout the centuries, on the complexity of the nexus between work and the life course. For industrialized regions, from Germany and Western Europe to China and Japan, it questions the widespread notion of an overall growing working life course instability, since the 1970s. For unindustrialized or industrializing regions, from West Africa to state socialist East Central Europe, as well as for transnational and transcontinental labour migrations, it shows the enormous influence of the extended family and wider kin on individual pathways into and out of work. For early modern Europe, India, and China, and up to twentieth-century state socialism and to current welfare states, it stresses and concretizes the crucial impact of age and gender for both societal labour relations and individual work-related decision making. With all chapters based on original research, the volume reflects a close cooperation between historians, anthropologists, and sociologists. Its multidisciplinary approach finds expression in its methodological plurality, reaching from archival research and sophisticated statistical analyses to biographical interviews and participant observation. This mix allows to grasp the interaction between societal change and individual agency.

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26

Eyben, Rosalind, John Horner and the Communist Party: Uncomfortable Encounters With Truth. (Routledge Studies in Radical History and Politics) 264 pp. 2024:4 (Routledge, UK) <715-1471>
ISBN 978-1-03-267134-5 hard ¥36,179.- (税込) GB£ 130.00
ISBN 978-1-03-267077-5 paper ¥6,954.- (税込) GB£ 24.99 *

John Horner and the Communist Party is a biography of a leading trade unionist and activist who became disillusioned with the Communist Party.Known for creating the modern Fire Brigades Union during the Second World War, John Horner (1911-1997) resigned from the Communist Party in 1956. Formerly one of the Party's leading members, he afterwards refused to speak or write about his communist past. Horner's silence left him forgotten, but Horner's daughter, Rosalind Eyben, has remedied this through her engrossing account of how and why John Horner and Pat, his wife, became communist, and the events that led them to resign from the Party. She pieces the story together from a wide range of sources, including Horner's own lively unpublished memoir of his early years. The narrative occasionally diverges from the historian's voice to deliver personal reflections on the author's communist childhood and on what her father told her shortly before his death about his shame and guilt for having so long denied uncomfortable truths about the Party and the Stalinist terror.This book is for anyone concerned with the problem of political allegiance, personal morality and associated states of denial that were to haunt Horner in later life. It will also be of interest to scholars and students researching communism and the Communist Party.

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27

ナチの労働者
Hake, Sabine, The Nazi Worker: The Culture of Work and the End of Class. (Interdisciplinary German Cultural Studies 35) 244 pp. 2023:10 (de Gruyter, GW) <715-1472>
ISBN 978-3-11-100398-6 hard ¥21,074.- (税込) EUR 89.95 *

The Nazi Worker is the second in a three-volume project on the figure of the worker and, by extension, questions of class in twentieth-century German culture. It is based on extensive research in the archives and informed by recent debates on the politics of emotion, the end of class, and the future of work. In seven chapters, the book reconstructs the processes by which National Socialism appropriated aspects of working-class culture and socialist politics and translated class-based identifications into the racialized communitarianism of Volksgemeinschaft (folk community). Arbeitertum (workerdom), the operative term within these processes of appropriation, not only established a discursive framework for integrating proletarian legacies into the cult of the German worker. As a social imaginary, workerdom also modelled the work-related emotions (e.g., joy, pride) essential to the culture of work promoted by the German Labor Front. The contribution of images and stories in creating these new social imaginaries will be reconstructed through highly contextualized readings of the debates about workerdom, Nazi movement novels, worker's poetry, workers' sculpture, as well as industrial painting, photography, film, and design.

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28

Reiman, Ken, Ron Carey and the Teamsters: How a Ups Driver Became the Greatest Union Reformer of the 20th Century by Putting Members First. 320 pp. 2024:7 (Monthly Review, US) <715-1473>
ISBN 978-1-68590-059-5 hard ¥19,188.- (税込) US$ 89.00 *
ISBN 978-1-68590-058-8 paper ¥5,390.- (税込) US$ 25.00

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29

Singer, Alan J., Class-Conscious Coal Miners: The Emergence of a Working-Class Movement in Central Pennsylvania. (SUNY Series in Labor Studies) 240 pp. 2024:5 (State U. New York Pr., US) <715-1477>
ISBN 978-1-4384-9771-6 hard ¥21,344.- (税込) US$ 99.00

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30

ドイツ連邦共和国におけるギリシア人の外国人労働者 1960~74年
Adamopoulou, Maria, The Greek Gastarbeiter in the Federal Republic of Germany (1960-1974). (Migrations in History 4) 230 pp. 2024:5 (de Gruyter Oldenbourg, GW) <715-1169>
ISBN 978-3-11-120132-0 hard ¥21,074.- (税込) EUR 89.95 *

Was migration to Germany a blessing or a curse? The main argument of this book is that the Greek state conceived labor migration as a traineeship into Europeanization with its shiny varnish of progress. Jumping on a fully packed train to West Germany meant leaving the past behind. However, the tensed Cold War realities left no space for illusions; specters of the Nazi past and the Greek Civil War still haunted them all. Adopting a transnational approach, this monograph retargets attention to the sending state by exploring how the Greek Gastarbeiter’s welfare was intrinsically connected with their homeland through its exercise of long-distance nationalism. Apart from its fresh take in postwar migration, the book also addresses methodological challenges in creative ways. The narrative alternates between the macro- and the micro-level, including subnational and transnational actors and integrating a diverse set of primary sources and voices. Avoiding the trap of exceptionalism, it contextualizes the Greek case in the Mediterranean and Southeast European experience.

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31

Bernardi, Claudia / Mueller, Viola Franziska et al. (eds.), Moving Workers: Historical Perspectives on Labour, Coercion and Im/Mobilities. (Work in Global and Historical Perspective 19) 290 pp. 2023:10 (de Gruyter Oldenbourg, GW) <715-1174>
ISBN 978-3-11-113651-6 hard ¥11,702.- (税込) EUR 49.95 *

This book explores how workers moved and were moved, why they moved, and how they were kept from moving. Combining global labour history with mobility studies, it investigates moving workers through the lens of coercion. The contributions in this book are based on extensive archival research and span Europe and North America over the past 500 years. They provide fresh historical perspectives on the various regimes of coercion, mobility, and immobility as constituent parts of the political economy of labour. Moving Workers shows that all struggles relating to the mobility of workers or its restriction have the potential to reveal complex configurations of hierarchies, dependencies, and diverging conceptions of work and labour relations that continuously make and remake our world.

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32

Robson, Laura, Human Capital: A History of Putting Refugees to Work. 304 pp. 2023:11 (Verso, UK) <714-367>
ISBN 978-1-80429-021-7 hard ¥6,957.- (税込) GB£ 25.00

Historian Laura Robson unveils the dark heart of our purportedly humanitarian international regime. Tracing the century-long history of attempts to remake refugees into disposable migrant labor, Robson elucidates global humanitarianism's deep-seated commitment to refugee exploitation and containment.Surveying more than a hundred years of policy across the globe, Robson captures the travails of Balkan refugees in the late Ottoman Empire, Roosevelt's secret plans to use German Jewish refugees as laborers in Latin America, and contemporary European efforts to deploy Syrians as low-wage workers in remote regions of Jordan.The advent of internationalist refugee aid has long been told as an inspirational story in which reformers fought tirelessly for a system that would recognize and guarantee the rights of displaced and dispossessed people. But as Robson demonstrates, the motives behind modern refugee policy can be mercenary. Refugees have become easy prey for global industrial capitalism.

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33

社会主義歴史事典 第4版
Lamb, Peter, Historical Dictionary of Socialism. 4th ed. (Historical Dictionaries of Religions, Philosophies, and Movements Series) 760 pp. 2024:1 (Rowman & Littlefield, US) <712-9>
ISBN 978-1-5381-5918-7 hard ¥59,290.- (税込) US$ 275.00 *

Socialism has been an influential force for social change for almost two centuries. Its philosophy and ideology have inspired millions while simultaneously arousing fear and revulsion in its enemies. Having emerged after the French Revolution in the effort to build upon and develop the egalitarian ideas of the Enlightenment, socialism has taken many forms. It has, furthermore, sometimes been manipulated and reformulated by opportunists who have built authoritarianism and totalitarian dictatorships in its name. Opponents seize on such examples to frighten away people who may otherwise have found socialism attractive. Socialism has survived such criticism and misrepresentation as its core principles have struck a chord with generations of people concerned with social justice.Historical Dictionary of Socialism, Fourth Edition contains a chronology, an introduction, a glossary, and an extensive bibliography. The dictionary section has over 500 cross-referenced entries on activists, politicians, political thinkers, political parties and organizations, and key topics, concepts, and aspects of socialist theory. This book is an excellent access point for students, researchers, and anyone wanting to know more about Socialism. sh

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34

D.ベンサイド
Roso, Darren, Daniel Bensaid: From the Actuality of the Revolution to the Melancholic Wager. (Historical Materialism Book Series 303) 770 pp. 2023:12 (Brill, NE) <711-118>
ISBN 978-90-04-31494-8 hard ¥48,500.- (税込) EUR 207.00

Daniel Bensaid: From the Actuality of Revolution to the Melancholic Wager is the first systematic full-length study of Bensaid's renovation of Marxism. Bensaid, a student leader during the May '68 revolt and founder of the Ligue communiste revolutionnaire, was an exemplar of a creative and open liberatory Marxism, leaving a vast oeuvre for a new generation of Marxists to explore. Much of Bensaid's writing remains untranslated into English, and Roso's volume offers a comprehensive critical overview.

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35

Greer, Jane, Unorganized Women: Repetitive Rhetorical Labor and Low-Wage Workers, 1834-1937. (Composition, Literacy, and Culture) 184 pp. 2023:2 (U. Pittsburgh Pr., US) <711-1304>
ISBN 978-0-8229-4755-4 hard ¥11,858.- (税込) US$ 55.00 *

Across a range of industrial, domestic, and agricultural sites, Greer shows how repetitive discursive performances served as rhetorical tools as women workers sought to rescript power relations in their workplaces and to resist narratives about their laboring lives. The case studies reveal noteworthy patterns in how these women's words helped to construct the complex web of class relations in which they were enmeshed. Rather than a teleological narrative of economic empowerment over the course of a century, Unorganized Women speaks to the enduring obstacles low- and no-wage women face, their creativity and resilience in the face of adversity, and the challenges that impede the creation of meaningful coalitions. By focusing on repetitive rhetorical labor, this book affords a point of entry for analyzing the discursive productions of a range of women workers and for constructing a richer history of women's rhetoric in the United States.

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36

近世イングランドにおける女性の使用人
Mansell, Charmain, Female Servants in Early Modern England. (British Academy Monographs) 360 pp. 2024:1 (British Academy, UK) <711-1313>
ISBN 978-0-19-726758-5 hard ¥30,056.- (税込) GB£ 108.00

What was it like to be a woman in service in early modern England? Drawing on evidence recorded in church court testimony, Mansell excavates experiences of over a thousand female servants between 1532 and 1649. Intervening in histories of labour, gender, freedom, law, migration, youth, and community, Female Servants in Early Modern England rethinks traditional scholarship of servant institution. De-coupling 'household' and 'service', it highlights the importance of female servants' labour to the wider economy and their key role in broader social networks and communities, despite their high mobility. Moving beyond regulatory codes of service prescribed by law and conduct literature, Mansell reveals the varied experiences of these women in service, both fluid and contingent: in early modern England, service (and the freedoms it allowed) was in flux.

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37

Lystra, Karen, Love and the Working Class: The Inner Worlds of Nineteenth Century Americans. 352 pp. 2024:2 (Oxford U. Pr., US) <711-1500>
ISBN 978-0-19-751422-1 hard ¥7,535.- (税込) US$ 34.95

Love and the Working Class is a unique look at the emotions of hard-living, nineteenth-century Americans who were often on the cusp of literacy. These laboring folk highly valued letters and, however difficult it was, wrote to stay connected to those they loved. This book displays the personal expression of factory hands, manual laborers, peddlers, coopers, carpenters, lumbermen, miners, tanners, haulers, tailors, seamstresses, laundresses, domestics, sharecroppers, independent farmers, and common soldiers and their wives. Entering the "anonymous corners" of these people's lives through letters, we can see their humor, grit, hope, heartache, and endurance, and grasp what they believed and felt about themselves, their kinfolk, and their friends. As much as possible, these working-class Americans living in the nineteenth century speak to contemporary readers in their own words. Often armed with only a third or fourth grade education, they could read but had limited instruction in writing. Yet they sat down to compose a letter, often spurred by a range of experience including the Gold Rush, westward expansion, slavery, the Emancipation Proclamation, and what was arguably the most important event in nineteenth-century America, the Civil War. During the war, poor, undereducated soldiers and their families wrote letters in a quantity never before seen in American history. Using letters written to parents, siblings, husbands, wives, friends, and potential mates between 1830 and 1880, Karen Lystra identifies the shared conceptions of love and practices of courtship and marriage within a racially diverse population of free working-class people born in America. Readers can listen to their voices as they flirt, act as intermediaries in hometown courtships, express non-romantic love to their mates, tease each other, and voice their hopes for the future. Through these personal letters, poor, minimally schooled Americans show us how they felt about love and how they created meaningful attachments in their uncertain lives.

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38

Porter, Cathy / Chappell, Richard, Writings of Larisa Reisner. (Historical Materialism Book Series 302) 348 pp. 2023:12 (Brill, NE) <711-1502>
ISBN 978-90-04-68700-4 hard ¥30,927.- (税込) EUR 132.00

The six books by legendary Russian revolutionary, diplomat, espionage agent and journalist Larisa Reisner, published here together for the first time in translation, set the story of her life against the world-changing events of 1917, and accompany Brill's publication of Cathy Porter's Larisa Reisner: A Biography, published as volume 266 in the Historical Materialism book series.

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39

Shone, Steve J., Dangerous Anarchist Strikers. (Studies in Critical Social Sciences 272) 386 pp. 2024:1 (Brill, NE) <711-1504>
ISBN 978-90-04-68875-9 hard ¥37,019.- (税込) EUR 158.00

An exploration of the ideas of three largely forgotten radical women who participated in labor union strikes respectively in Argentina and Uruguay, Canada, and the United States and two largely forgotten internationally-focused anarchist men who participated in labor union strikes and industrial action in New Zealand, Australia, Chile, Argentina, and Japan.

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40

Vinokour, Maya, Work Flows: Stalinist Liquids in Russian Labor Culture. (NIU Series in Slavic, East European, and Eurasian Studies) 324 pp. 2024:2 (Northern Illinois U. Pr., US) <711-1505>
ISBN 978-1-5017-7367-9 hard ¥12,278.- (税込) US$ 56.95 *

Work Flows investigates the emergence of "flow" as a crucial metaphor within Russian labor culture since 1870. Maya Vinokour frames concern with fluid channeling as immanent to vertical power structures-whether that verticality derives from the state, as in Stalin's Soviet Union and present-day Russia, or from the proliferation of corporate monopolies, as in the contemporary Anglo-American West. Originating in pre-revolutionary bio-utopianism, the Russian rhetoric of liquids and flow reached an apotheosis during Stalin's First Five-Year Plan and re-emerged in post-Soviet "managed democracy" and Western neoliberalism. The literary, philosophical, and official texts that Work Flows examines give voice to the Stalinist ambition of reforging not merely individual bodies, but space and time themselves. By mobilizing the understudied thematic of fluidity, Vinokour offers insight into the nexus of philosophy, literature, and science that underpinned Stalinism and remains influential today. Work Flows demonstrates that Stalinism is not a historical phenomenon restricted to the period 1922-1953, but a symptom of modernity as it emerged in the twentieth century. Stalinism's legacy extends far beyond the bounds of the former Soviet Union, emerging in seemingly disparate settings like post-Soviet Russia and Silicon Valley.

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41

Scutt, Jocelynne A., Wage Rage for Equal Pay: Australia's Long, Long Struggle. 570 pp. 2023:11 (Palgrave Macmillan, UK) <710-496>
ISBN 978-3-031-42177-8 hard ¥28,112.- (税込) EUR 119.99

This book ?makes a major contribution to the continuing legal and historical struggle for equal pay in Australia, with international references, including Canada, the UK and US. It takes law, history and women's and gender studies to analyse and recount campaigns, cases and debates. Industrial bodies federally and around Australia have grappled with this issue from the early-twentieth century onwards. This book traces the struggle through the decades, looking at women's organisations activism and demands, union 'pro' and 'against' activity, and the 'official' approach in tribunals, boards and courts.

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42

前近代欧州における労働倫理再考
Almasi, Gabor / Lizzul, Giorgio (eds.), Rethinking the Work Ethic in Premodern Europe. 190 pp. 2023:11 (Palgrave Macmillan, UK) <710-1367>
ISBN 978-3-031-38091-4 hard ¥32,798.- (税込) EUR 139.99

This book investigates how work ethics in Europe were conceptualised from the Middle Ages to the nineteenth century. Through analysis of a range of discourses, it focuses on the roles played by intellectuals in formulating, communicating, and contesting ideas about work and its ethical value. The book moves away from the idea of a singular Weberian work ethic as fundamental to modern notions of work and instead emphasises how different languages of work were harnessed for a variety of social, intellectual, religious, economic, political, and ideological objectives. Rather than a singular work ethic that left a decisive mark on the development of Western culture and economy, the volume stresses plurality. The essays draw on approaches from intellectual, social, and cultural history. They explore how, why, and in what contexts labour became an important and openly promoted value; who promoted or opposed hard work and for what reasons; and whether there was an early modern break with ancient and medieval discourses on work. These historicized visions of work ethics help enrich our understanding of present-day changing attitudes to work.

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43

Hickman, Ben, Art, Labour and American Life: 1917-2020. 299 pp. 2023:11 (Palgrave Macmillan, UK) <710-1050>
ISBN 978-3-031-41489-3 hard ¥25,769.- (税込) EUR 109.99

This book examines labour in the age of US hegemony through the art that has grappled with it; and, vice versa, developments in American culture as they have been shaped by work's transformations over the last century. Describing the complex relations between cultural forms and the work practices, Art, Labour and American Life explores everything from Fordism to feminization, from white-collar ascendency to zero hours precarity, as these things have manifested in painting, performance art, poetry, fiction, philosophy and music. Labour, all but invisible in cultural histories of the period, despite the fact most Americans have spent most of their lives doing it, here receives an urgent re-emphasis, as we witness work's radical redefinition across the world.

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44

Quetier, Jean, Le travail de parti de Marx: intervenir dans les organisations ouvrieres. (La philosophie a l'oeuvre) 315 p. 2023:7 (Ed. de la Sorbonne, FR) <709-85>
ISBN 979-10-351-0883-0 paper ¥5,857.- (税込) EUR 25.00

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45

Bravi, Cecilia Maria / Locatelli, A. M. (eds.), Christian Democracy and Labour after World War II. (Travail et Societe / Work and Society 87) 350 pp. 2023 (P. Lang, SZ) <709-794>
ISBN 978-2-87574-596-5 paper ¥16,456.- (税込) SFR 68.00 *

Labour is an essential feature of economic development and social change in industrialised Western countries. Yet economic and social theory as well as historical research have been underestimating its role. This volume discusses the labour vision developed by Christian Democratic-oriented parties and associations in the second half of XXI Century, in relation to the democratic and republican choice and ? at the same time ? capitalistic development. For a long time, Christian Democrats ruled in Western European countries, managing different choices and making policies for the labour market and the defence of workers’ rights. In addition, Christian churches paid increasing attention to social questions. The essays also emphasise the leading role of civil society (associations, movements and trade unions) in supporting labour policies. Hence, the historical readings collected here offer the opportunity to understand convergences but also differences among the experiences.

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46

Joseph, Gillian, Home-based Work in Victorian Britain: Insights for Contemporary Occupational Health and Safety. 112 pp. 2023:12 (Routledge, UK) <709-1405>
ISBN 978-1-03-211017-2 hard ¥36,179.- (税込) GB£ 130.00 *

Home- based work has increased in recent decades and intensified as a result of policies created to control the spread of COVID-19, creating a labour market in rapid transition. Yet little attention has been paid to the issues associated with occupational health and safety or to how employers will monitor and maintain employee health and safety in a home- based work environment. Using historical case studies from Victorian Britain, this book reflects on the past to examine resurfacing health and safety concerns that shaped, and continue to shape, the home- based working experience.Anchored by family research case studies, this book presents documents and newspaper accounts about the diverse experiences of three real people who lived and worked from their homes in the Victorian era. Supported by academic and popular literature on work and policy about the era, the book discusses changing worldviews and social context that shaped occupational health and safety at the time and critiques the outcomes of policies that were challenged to address these risks. The case study experiences are used as a touchstone between the past and present to draw parallels between important health and safety concerns that may be resurfacing in our modern post-COVID transition to home-based work. This book will be a valuable resource for researchers, academics and postgraduate students of occupational health and safety, occupational science, labour history and human resource management, as well as Victorian studies. It will also be of interest to policymakers and practitioners working across the fields of workplace and occupational health and safety.

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47

McCulloch, Michael, Building a Social Contract: Modern Workers' Houses in Early Twentieth-Century Detroit. (Urban Life, Landscape and Policy) 240 pp. 2023 (Temple U. Pr., US) <709-1407>
ISBN 978-1-4399-2391-7 hard ¥23,823.- (税込) US$ 110.50 *
ISBN 978-1-4399-2392-4 paper ¥7,535.- (税込) US$ 34.95 *

The dream of the modern worker's house emerged in early twentieth-century America as wage earners gained access to new, larger, and better-equipped dwellings. Building a Social Contract is a cogent history of the houses those workers dreamed of and labored for. Michael McCulloch chronicles the efforts of employers, government agencies, and the building industry who, along with workers themselves, produced an unprecedented boom in housing construction that peaked in the mid-1920s. Through oral histories, letters, photographs, and period fiction, McCulloch traces wage earners' agency in negotiating a new implicit social contract, one that rewarded hard work with upward mobility in modern houses. This promise reflected workers' increased bargaining power but, at the same time, left them increasingly vulnerable to layoffs.Building a Social Contract focuses on Detroit, the quintessential city of the era, where migrant workers came and were Americanized, and real estate agents and the speculative housebuilding industry thrived. The Motor City epitomized the struggle of Black workers in this period, who sought better lives through industrial labor but struggled to translate their wages into housing security amid racist segregation and violence. When Depression-era unemployment created an eviction crisis, the social contract unraveled, and workers rose up-at the polls and in the streets-to create a labor movement that reshaped American capitalism for decades. Today, the lessons McCulloch provides from early twentieth-century Detroit are a necessary reminder that wages are not enough, and only working-class political power can secure affordable housing.

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48

フランス共産党の歴史
Boulouque, Sylvain / Courtois, Stephane, Petit manuel d'histoire du PCF. (Une autre histoire) 184 p. 2023:6 (Atlande, FR) <708-1336>
ISBN 978-2-35030-883-8 paper ¥4,451.- (税込) EUR 19.00

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49

Eiden-Offe, Patrick, The Poetry of Class: Romantic Anti-Capitalism and the Invention of the Proletariat. Tr. by J. Blumenfeld. (Historical Materialism Book Series 305) 303 pp. 2023:11 (Brill, NE) <708-1337>
ISBN 978-90-04-68545-1 hard ¥33,504.- (税込) EUR 143.00

In the early 19th century, a new social collective emerged out of impoverished artisans, urban rabble, wandering rural lower classes, bankrupt aristocrats and precarious intellectuals, one that would soon be called the proletariat. But this did not yet exist as a unified, homogeneous class with affiliated political parties. The motley appearance, the dreams and longings of these figures, torn from all economic certainties, found new forms of narration in romantic novellas, reportages, social-statistical studies, and monthly bulletins. But soon enough, these disorderly, violent, nostalgic, errant, and utopian figures were denigrated as reactionary and anarchic by the heads of the labour movement, since they did not fit into their grand linear vision of progress. In this book, Patrick Eiden-Offe tells their story, tracing the making of the proletariat in Voermarz Germany (1815-1848) through the writings of figures like Ludwig Tieck, Moses Hess, Wilhelm Weitling, Georg Weerth, Friedrich Engels, Louise Otto-Peters, Ernst Willkomm, and Georg Buechner, and in so doing, revealing a striking similarity to the disorderly classes of today.

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50

ボルシェヴィズムとは何だったのか?
Lih, Lars T., What Was Bolshevism? (Historical Materialism Book Series 298) 590 pp. 2023:12 (Brill, NE) <708-104>
ISBN 978-90-04-68445-4 hard ¥43,111.- (税込) EUR 184.00 *

How did the Bolsheviks see themselves? What grand narrative gave meaning to their revolutionary aspirations? The leading Western expert on Bolshevism, Lars T. Lih, answers these questions in the first-ever study of the Bolshevik outlook from Lenin to perestroika. Sharply focused case studies allow individual leaders - Lenin, Stalin, Bukharin, Trotsky, Zinoviev - to come alive and speak in their own voices, with surprising results that challenge conventional narratives left and right. What Was Bolshevism? uses novels, plays, literary criticism, photographs, statues, poetry, history textbooks, songs, and film to paint an indispensable self-portrait of Soviet civilization.

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